PSYCH 413 Lecture 10: Logical Positivism & Neo-Behaviorism

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9 Feb 2017
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October 6, 2016
Logical Positivism & Neo-Behaviorism
Logical positivism
Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
First modern philosopher of science
The Course of Positive Philosophy
Six volumes, 1830-1842
Firs three volumes about natural sciences
Last three volumes about scientism and then social sciences
Religion of humanity
Secular humanism
Replacement for traditional religions
The Vienna Circle (1924-1936)
Moritz Schlick (1882-1936)
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951)
Tractates Logico-Philosophicus
Foundation of analytic philosophy
Critique of language and meaning
Albert Einstein
Psychological development
Percy Bridgeman (1892-1961)
Logic of Modern Physics (1927)
Operations
Definition of pseudo-problems
S. S. Stevens (1906-1973)
Psychophysicist
Colleague of Bridgeman at Harvard
B. F. Skinner (1904-1990)
Grad student at Harvard (1928-1932)
Harvard fellow and instructor (1931-1936)
Logical positivism seminar with Stevens
Rise of learning theory
Nature (perception) vs. nurture (learning)
Evolutionary theory
American values
Protestant work ethic
Denial of hereditary rights
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Narrowness of Watson’s behaviorism
Lack of theory of behaviorism
Edward Tolman (1886-1959)
Born in Boston
Father successful business executive
Member of first graduating class at MIT (1869)
Member of board of trustees of MIT
Quaker mother
MIT undergraduate, theoretical chemistry (i.e., atomic physics)
Older brother (Richard) famous physicist (worked on A-bomb during WWII)
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