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Lecture

SOC 100 Notes Nov 26

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 100
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Soc ­ Lecture 11/26/2013 Unit 5: Social Change Gradual Structural Change (U.S.) Gradual Structural Change (Global) Making  Change (Social Movements) Making  Change (The Power of Sociological Reflexivity) Gradual Social Change Hard to see this change if you’re embedded in the middle of it Think about a previous era to see a stronger contrast Easy to gradually adapt without stopping to reflect on how these changes are shaping our lives Globalization Thomas Eriksen Introduction to his book, Globalization Questions: Is it happening? Hownew  is it? What are its keyfeatures ? What are itscauses ? What are itsconsequences ? Is igood  bad ? Camps: Globalists vs. Skeptics [empirical] Globalists – yes it’s happening, yes it’s important, relatively new Skeptics – consequences aren’t as big, not as new Advocates vs. Opponents [normative/moral debate] Advocates – optimistic side – globalization is positive Opponents – pessimistic – negative consequences The term globalization is fuzzy/imprecise  Specify what you’re talking about Globalization Economic Globalization Globalists Free­market capitalism is the global norm Multinational corporations Global finance Increased trade Global trade organizations Skeptics  Economy went “global” long ago Uneven: more regional than global (NAFTA, EU) Unstable (Euro crisis) Pros The recipe for economic growth worldwide: “A rising tide lifts all boats” Cons Encourages outsourcing from U.S. Reinforces (doesn’t solve) global inequalities “McDonaldization”: Crass standardization of goods and services Degrades labor conditions internationally Outsources environmental costs Cultural Globalization Globalists Awareness of other peoples and places ▯ global consciousness Cultural homogenization (global media, culture, products, etc.) Skeptics “Glocalization” – globalization + localization Persistence of local cultures Hybridity, not homogeneity Pros Engine of cultural innovation Mutual understanding and sympathy across cultures Cons Erodes local cultures Threat of “others” leads to entrenchment of local identities, fundamentalism, “clash of civilizations” Political Globalizat
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