November 27, 2012
Final Exam---December 4 th
Prepare and write a response to this question:
What is the Relationship between education and development?
In your essay you should discuss at least two theoretical perspectives (e.g.
modernization theory, human capital theory, dependency theory, etc.? and think
through at least two applications of the topic (e.g. globalization, gender, fragility,
There will be no notes, books, computers/phones/Ipad’s allowed
Education and Fragility
Fragile state: unstable government, ready to fall
World bank considers, country policy and institutional assessment (CPIA) of
3.2 and below is a fragile state
Pockets of exclusion
The lack of capacity of the state to deliver basic services, economic
performance and employment generation
The lack of citizens trust in state institutions
Neglecting the participation of women, youth and minorities
Perceived discrimination association with conflict
More to fragility than state services
o Its not an all or nothing
“All happy families resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in
its own way.” –Leo Tolstoy
What’s in a label?
o Poor countries
o 3 world countries
o Failed state
o Developing countries
o Disadvantaged countries
What do these actually mean?
Who gets to apply labels?
Drivers of Fragility
Inequality in resource allocation
Lack of political will to foster inclusion and tackle
marginalization Lack of trust in government
Problems of capacity
Youth bulge: when you have a lot of young people and very few
older people and very few children
Static or declining national growth
Religious or ethnic tension/internal violent conflict
Militia struggles over land and resources