Developmental Psychology, Lecture on March 11th
Chapter Nine & Ten: Social Cognition and Intelligence
What factors underlie developmental of autobiographical memory?
1) verbal abilities, language allows for encoding of experience that can be
translated into verbal terms later on.
2) sense of self, allows for talking about past events in ones life.
3) understanding the structure of narrative, children need to understand the form
that stories take.
This knowledge arises from social interacts.
Provide a framework for talking about the past.
Reminders of the memory.
Conveys that memories are valued parts of culture.
*social experience is key to the type of memory framework that is formed!
4) understanding mental states.
Examples: "remember" and "know."
Theory of mind skills.
What does it mean to remember? What does it mean to know?
*Understanding these skills will allow a child to use them when telling a memory
How reliable is a child's memory?
1) Children have good memories for events that happened either months or years
in the past.
2) Children's memories are also susceptible to suggestive or leading questions.
o who is doing the questioning.
o the type of question (yes/no).
o encouraging source monitoring helpful.
o toys involved.
Theories of intelligence:
Spearman's two-factor theory: