Developmental Psychology, Lecture on April 3rd
Temperament, Attachment & Self-Regulation
Temperament, reflects stable, constitutionally based, differences in behavior.
instrumental in guiding emotion regulation and behavioral outcomes.
based on a range of dimensions such as:
o activity level.
Thomas & Chess temperament categories:
easily adjust to new situations.
cheerful and easy to calm.
slow to adjust to new experiences.
intensely negative reactive.
Initially difficult yet adjust with time.
Attachment, strong emotional bond that emerges between infant and caregiver.
innate, adaptive phenomenon.
promotes proximity between infant and caregiver.
ensures the infant's survival.
Learning theorists emphasizes the mother's association with feeding.
Harlow concluded it was "contact comfort" and not feeding that played a
role in attachment.
The strange situation: