Developmental Psychology, Lecture on April 8th
Prosocial behavior, positive social action performed to benefit others.
Factors influencing prosocial behavior:
Induction, parental technique that relies on the extensive use of reasoning and
explanation, as well as the arousal of empathic feelings to influence behavior.
Power assertion, parental technique that relies on the use of forceful commands,
physical punishment, and removal of material objects or privileges to influence
Antisocial behavior, behaviors used in opposition to prosocial behavior.
lying and cheating.
disturbing resources unfairly.
physical and indirect aggression.
Development of Fairness:
younger children are not good at distributing resources fairly when
another child is not around.
older children 'socialized' for fairness.
individual differences in whether children reveal differences in fairness.
Instrumental aggression, behavior motivated to obtain an object or goal. Causes
potential or real physical harm to another. (Sometimes called proactive
Relational aggression, behaviors motivated to hurt another's feelings.
(Sometimes called indirect, covert, or social aggression). Some factors often found to be associated with incidences of aggressive and
low resource neighborhoods.
Morality as domain-specific knowled