American Politics COMPLETE NOTES [Part 6] - I got a 4.0 in the course!

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University of Massachusetts - Boston
Political Science

February 10, 2014: Announcements: First paper due March 3, 2014 (Changed from Feb 24 given the fact that we have missed class due to a snow day.) The paper will be on federalism. Make sure you recognize that the midterm is the Wednesday before Spring Break. Don’t make conflicting plans!! Potential Midterm Questions: How is the Constitutional Convention a Case Study in the 4 C’s of politics? (Above is example of an essay question: Talk about what politics are, what the 4 C’s are, and how Constitutional Convention affects these things) What are two of the three compromises that were accomplished in the Constitutional Convention and what conflicts did they address? (Above is example of a short answer question.) (Midterm is going to be very straightforward) I. Today’s Questions ● What is federalism and what are its origins? ● How and why had the National Government increased its power over the states? ● How and why are the states taking power back from the federal government? ● What are the benefits and costs associated with federalism? II. Federalism ● Definition: ○ System of government in where power is divided between national and state governments by a Constitution, such that each is granted sovereign and independent powers ○ Constitution has to illustrate these powers between national and state government ● Requirements of Federalist Government ○ Needs a Constitution ○ Each level of gov’t must have elected officials which represent that interest of the people ○ Raise revenue by taxation ■ Each level can do this ○ Independent authority to pass laws that regulate citizens lives ■ Within the institution’s domain ● For example, MA can’t make laws for RI ● Why Federalism? ○ History ■ Attachment and Identification ● States felt an attachment to their individual state, not to “United States” as a “national collective” ■ Existing state powers ● States existed before US existed as a national collective ■ No US without federalism ○ Compromise ■ Federalists - supported STRONG national government ● Strong national government ○ Protect interests ■ Anti-federalists - supported more of a WEAK national government ● Tyranny of Minority ○ Protect citizens ○ Weaken federal government in order to embolden states, or both ● Constitutional Framework - National Government ○ National government is given a set of enumerated powers to regulate their power (to avoid giving TOO much power to central government) ■ Examples: regulate interstate commerce, borrow money, coin money, raise army and declare war, levy taxes.. ○ By 20th century, we see federal government infringing on state authority on the grounds of these 2 clauses: ■ Necessary and Proper Clause ■ Supremacy Clause ● If state laws are seen as “Unconstitutional” by federal government, the federal government can shut down or override state laws or treaties ● State power is not explicitly enumerated the way the federal government’s powers are ○ Basically, Constitution says that any power NOT enumerated to federal government and NOT explicitly prohibited, are up to states to decide ● State obligations to each other ○ Promote national unity and foster stronger identification with nation ○ Privileges and Immunities Clause ■ No discrimination ■ No privileges ■ No fundamental privilege of citizenship and compelling state i
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