JUDS 205 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Book Of Deuteronomy, 2 Maccabees, Book Of Leviticus

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21 Sep 2016
School
Course
Professor
RELG 205 – 8.24.16
BCE – Collections/Libraries of Scripture – Also relates to different canons of scripture.
70-100 C.E. – Debated – Esther was debated because there was no mention of God. Song of
Songs was debated because it was too racy and there wasn’t enough mention of God.
Christian Bibles
oProtestant
Pentatuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deutoronomy
Historical Books: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1&2 Samuel, 1&2 Kings, 1&2
Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther
Widsom: Job, Psamls, Proverbs, Ecclesiates, Song of Solomon
This is different because of the fact that the prophets predicted Jesus as
the Messiah
oCatholic
Pentatuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deutoronomy
Historical Books: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1&2 Samuel, 1&2 Kings, 1&2
Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Tobit, Judith, additions to
Esther(includes God), 1&2 Maccabees, and 2 Esdras(appendix).
Widsom: Job, Psamls, Proverbs, Ecclesiates, Song of Solomon, Wisdom of
Solomon, Wisdom of Jesus, Son of Sirach
Prophets: Baruch and additions to Daniel
More books(libraries of scripture). Arugments about which books are
real/worthy of studying. Martin Luther made the decision to switch back
to the Jewish bible.
oEastern Orthodox(Many Variations)
Pentatuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deutoronomy
Historical Books: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1&2 Samuel, 1&2 Kings, 1&2
Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther
1 Esdras, 3 Maccabees, 4 Maccabees, 2 Esdras-Appendix
Septuagint = 70 – 70 translations were matched. Greek translation.
The Text of the Bibles
The Masoretic Text (MT)
oHebrew Codecies
Leningrad Codex: 1009 C.E. (entirety)
Aleppo Codex: 925 C.E. (most of Hebrew Bible)
Cairo Codex of the Prophets: 895 C.E.
oAfter these, nothing is complete
The Septuagint
oGreek Codecies
Codex Vaticanas: 4th Century C.E. – Discovered in Vatican City
Codex Sinaiticus: ? – Discovered near Mt. Sinai
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