SOCI 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Dependent And Independent Variables, National Crime Victimization Survey, American Community Survey

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8 Feb 2017
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SOCI101 Lecture 8 Notes 2/8/17
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o All essays will NOT be submitted in Revel
o Will be submitted in Blackboard via Safe Assign
Tom is conducting research on students self-medicating on college campuses. He starts
by using a theory, then forming a hypothesis, empirically observing students and then
analyzing the data. His research approach can be described as:
o Deductive
The number of hours you spend studying affects your grades. What is the independent
variable?
o Hours spent studying
Higher levels of education minimizes the likelihood of having a lower paying job. What is
the dependent variable?
o Lower paying job
How does gender affect rate of income? What is the dependent variable?
o Rate of income
Ho does oe’s religio affect fail size? What is the independent variable?
o Religion
Research Model
o Choose a topic
o Select a problem
o Read literature
o Collecting data
Validitythe extent to which a variable measures what it is supposed to
Ex. Measure religion by attendance in church; numbers on a
weight scale that starts at 0
Reliabilitylikelihood of obtaining consistent results using the same
measure
E. Fried pickig ou up eer tie ou call to tell the ou’e
had too much to drink; o coig to help he ou’re i
trouble
o Choosing a research method
Surveys
Collection of data by having people answer a series of questions
(i.e. questionnaires)
Huge variety
o Face to face
o Email
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