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Lecture 10

NUTR 244 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Legal Drinking Age, Blood Alcohol Content, Fluid Ounce

Course Code
NUTR 244
Susanne Anderson- Riedel

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In Depth: Alcohol
oNo more than one drink per day for women, two drinks a day for men
A drink = ½ fl oz pure ethanol
o12 oz beer
o10 oz wine cooler
o4-5 oz wine
o1 and ½ oz 80-proof whiskey, scotch, gin, or vodka
People who should avoid drinking alcohol
NEW CDC Reccomendations
Pregnant/brestfeeding women or may become pregnant
oHistory of alcoholism, or cannot restrict
oTaking medications that interact with ethanol
oDriving, operating machinery or engaging in tasks that require attention and
oYounger than the legal drinking age
Benefits of Moderate Alcohol Intake
Possible social and health benefits (in some)
oReduced stress and anxiety
oStimulated appetite
oReduced cardiovascular risk?
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oPhytochemical found in red wines and grapes
oMay lower risk for certain chronic diseases
Concerns of Moderate Alcohol Intake
Linked to increased risk for breast cancer, hypertension, hemorrhagic stroke
Increased caloric intake and risk for obesity (binge drinking)
oEmpty kcals
oIncreases appetite
Potential for drug-alcohol interactions
Alcohol Metabolism
Absorbed directly
oStomach and small intestine
Transported to the liver to be metabolized
Consuming foods with alcohol
oCan reduce blood alcohol concentration (BAC) by up to 50%
Rate of absorption depends on
oPresence/absence of food, type of food
Most alcohol is oxidized in the liver
oAlcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)
oAldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)
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