ENV 101 Lecture 1: Scientific Method

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dƵĞƐĚĂLJ͕:ĂŶƵĂƌLJϮϴƚŚ͕ϮϬϮϬϭ͗ϯϬWD
dŽĚĂLJΖƐ>ĞĂƌŶŝŶŐKďũĞĐƚŝǀĞƐ
>ŝƐƚƚŚĞƐƚĞƉƐ ŽĨƚŚĞƐĐŝĞŶƚŝĨŝĐŵĞƚŚŽĚŝŶŽƌĚĞƌ͘
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ĞƐĐƌŝďĞƚŚĞƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĨŽƌĚĞǀĞůŽƉŝŶŐĂŚLJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ
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^ƵĚLJĚĞƐŝŐŶ͗ĐŽŶƚƌŽůůĞĚĞdžƉĞƌŝŵĞŶƚǀƐ͘ŽďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶĂůƐƚƵĚLJ
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/ŶƚĞƌƉƌĞƚĂƚŝŽŶŽĨƌĞƐƵůƚƐ;ƐĐĂƚƚĞƌƉůŽƚƐ͕ŝŶĚĞƉĞŶĚĞŶƚĂŶĚĚĞƉĞŶĚĞŶƚǀĂƌŝĂďůĞƐͿ͘
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tŚĂƚŝƐ^ĐŝĞŶĐĞ͍
^ĐŝĞŶĐĞ ŝƐƚŚĞƉƌŽĐĞƐƐŽĨĚŝƐĐŽǀĞƌŝŶŐĂŶĚĞdžƉůĂŝŶŝŶŐƚŚĞŶĂƚƵƌĂůǁŽƌůĚĂŶĚŚŽǁŝƚΖƐƉĂƌƚƐĐŽŶŶĞĐƚƚŽŽŶĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ
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dŚĞƐĐŝĞŶƚŝĨŝĐŵĞƚŚŽĚ ŝƐĂƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĨŽƌƚĞƐƚŝŶŐŝĚĞĂƐĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞŶĂƚƵƌĂůǁŽƌůĚƵƐŝŶŐŽďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶƐĂŶĚ
ĞdžƉĞƌŝŵĞŶƚĂƚŝŽŶ͘
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dŚĞ^ĐŝĞŶƚŝĨŝĐƚŚŽĚ^ƚĞƉƐ
KďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶƐ
ϭ͘
ĞƐƚŝŽŶƐ
Ϯ͘
,LJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ
ϯ͘
WƌĞĚŝĐƚŝŽŶƐ
ϰ͘
dĞƐƚŝŶŐ
ϱ͘
ZĞƐƵůƚƐͬŽŶĐůƵƐŝŽŶƐ
ϲ͘
KďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶƐ
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dž͗>ĂŬĞŚĂƐŐƌĞĞŶƐůƵĚŐĞŽŶƚŚĞƐƵƌĨĂĐĞ͕ŝƚƐŵĞůůƐďĂĚ͕ůŽŽŬƐĚŝƌƚLJ
ĞƐƚŝŽŶƐ
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dŚĞŽďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶƐŽĨƚŚĞůĂŬĞƉƌŽŵƉƚƋƵĞƐƚŝŽŶƐ͙
tŚLJŝƐƚŚĞůĂŬĞƐŽŐƌĞĞŶ͍
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ǁůŽŶŐŚĂƐƚŚŝƐďĞĞŶŚĂƉƉĞŶŝŶŐ͍
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;KďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶƐĂŶĚĞƐƚŝŽŶƐĂƌĞŽĨƚĞŶŝŶƚĞƌƚǁŝŶĞĚͿ
ĞǀĞůŽƉĂ,LJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ
,LJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ͗ƐƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚĂƚƚĞŵƉƚƐƚŽĞdžƉůĂŝŶĂƉŚĞŶŽŵĞŶŽŶ͘;ĚƵĐĂƚĞĚ'ƵĞƐƐͿ
dŽĚĞǀĞůŽƉĂŚLJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ͕ǁĞůĞĂƌŶŵŽƌĞĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞƉƌŽďůĞŵ͙
ZĞǀŝĞǁĞdžŝƐƚŝŶŐƐƚƵĚŝĞƐ
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dĂůŬǁŝƚŚĐŽůůĞĂŐƵĞƐ
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/ŶǀĞƐƚŝŐĂƚĞǁŚĂƚŝƐŬŶŽǁŶĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞƉƌŽďůĞŵ
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WƌĞĚŝĐƚŝŽŶƐ
dĂŬĞĂŚLJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ͕ĂŶĚƚƵƌŶŝƚŝŶƚŽĂƐƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚLJŽƵĐĂŶƚĞƐƚďLJĐŽůůĞĐƚŝŶŐĚĂƚĂ
WƌĞĚŝĐƚŝŽŶ͗ƐƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĂƚĞdžƉƌĞƐƐĞƐĂƌĞůĂƚŝŽŶƐŚŝƉďĞƚǁĞĞŶƚǁŽǀĂƌŝĂďůĞƐ
WƌĞĚŝĐƚŝŽŶ^ƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ͗/ĨĂŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĨĞƌƚŝůŝnjĞƌƐĂƌĞĂĚĚĞĚ ƚŽĂƉŽŶĚ͕ƚŚĞŶƚŚĞĂůŐĂĞǁŝůůŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞ ŽŶƚŚĞƐƵƌĨĂĐĞ
dĞƐƚŝŶŐ
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^ƚƵĚLJĞƐŝŐŶ͗džƉĞƌŝŵĞŶƚƐǀƐ͘KďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶƐ
ŽŶƚƌŽůůĞĚdžƉĞƌŝŵĞŶƚͲ ŵĂŶŝƉƵůĂƚĞĂǀĂƌŝĂďůĞĂŶĚŽďƐĞƌǀĞƚŚĞŽƵƚĐŽŵĞ
ĚĚĨĞƌƚŝůŝnjĞƌƚŽĂůĂŬĞĂŶĚŵĞĂƐƵƌĞĂůŐĂĞŐƌŽǁƚŚ
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dŚĞĐŽŶƚƌŽů ƌĞĨĞƌƐƚŽƚŚĞƐƵďũĞĐƚƚŚĂƚŝƐŶŽƚďĞŝŶŐŵĂŶŝƉƵůĂƚĞĚ
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^ƚƌŽŶŐĞƐƚĨŽƌŵŽĨĞǀŝĚĞŶĐĞĨŽƌƐƵƉƉŽƌƚŝŶŐĂŚLJƉŽƚŚĞƐŝƐ
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/s ;dƌĞĂƚŵĞŶƚͬŽŶƚƌŽůͿ͗&ĞƌƚŝůŝnjĞƌŵŽƵŶƚ
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s ;ZĞƐƉŽŶƐĞͿ͗ůŐĂĞ'ƌŽǁƚŚ
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KďƐĞƌǀĂƚŝŽŶĂůƐƚƵĚLJͲ ŽďƐĞƌǀĞŶĂƚƵƌĞǁŝƚŚŽƵƚŵĂŶŝƉƵůĂƚŝŶŐŝƚ
EĂƚƵƌĂůĞdžƉĞƌŝŵĞŶƚͲ ĐŽůůĞĐƚƐĞǀĞƌĂůǀĂƌŝĂďůĞƐĨƌŽŵŵĂŶLJůĂŬĞƐŽǀĞƌĂůĂƌŐĞĂƌĞĂ
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ZĞƉůŝĐĂƚŝŽŶŝƐŬĞLJͲ &ŽƌŝŶƐƚĂŶĐĞ͗ĂƚĂĐŽůůĞĐƚĞĚĂƚϱϬůĂŬĞƐ
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ZĞƐƵůƚƐĂŶĚŽŶĐůƵƐŝŽŶƐ
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>ĞĐƚƵƌĞϬϭͲ dŚĞWƌŽĐĞƐƐŽĨ^ĐŝĞŶĐĞ
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