AMST 1154 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Lower East Side Tenement Museum, Henriette Davidis, Rye Bread

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Lecture 6
How Americans ate: 1850 1880s
Social histories of the family
Role of technologies in people’s everyday lives
Immigrants and labor
Food supply and its industrialization
Customs and rituals of ethnic, regional enclaves
“To understand a culture, past or present, we should endeavor to understand how a …”
Food becomes the means to bind together an immigrant culture
Even as food practices themselves adapt and transform through contact cultures
Food practices (letting go of enclave practices) become the means for assimilation
1820s-1880s First Wave of mass immigration
Germany, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Bohemia
Ireland: Catholic, rather than Protestant, prompted antipathy and anti-Irish sentiment
Small numbers of Chinese men, to help build the railroads
15 million
97 Orchard Street
Lower East Side tenement museum
New York Tenement House Act of 1867 definition of Tenement: any house, building, or
portion thereof, which is rented, leased, let, or hired out to be occupied or is occupied, as the
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Lecture 6
home or residence of more than three families living independently of one another and doing
their own cooking upon the premises, or by more than two families upon a floor, so living and
cooking and having a common right
Klein Deutschland
Food business: peddlers, brewers, butchers, bakers
Glockkners : German immigrants
Upwardly mobile” – purchase of property as means for achieving American Dream
Like other New York German immigrants, was from a cityurbanite (not rural peasant)
tailor
Neighborhood shifting from Irish- dominated to German dominated
New village pattern: delicatessens & bakeries, grocers, beer, gardens, landsmanschaften
(clubs)
Glockner’s Tailor Shop
Saloon: a meeting place for Germans immigrants
Henriette Davidis, Practical Cookbook for Germans in America
1860s Glockner family dinner
- Veal stew with Dried pear, (cooked all morning with groceries purchased in the
neighborhood)
- Dumplings
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