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Lecture 12

PSYC 365 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Metalinguistic Awareness, Language Production, Phonological Development

Course Code
PSYC 365

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Psych 365
Language Development
- Ways of representing and conveying information
o 1 thing stands for something else
e.g. numbers, pictures, maps, language
Is Human Language Special
- other species can communicate, learn words, etc.
- only humans:
o are otiated to ouiate he it’s ot iportat for surial
o lear so ay ords ith suh ease
o have a grammatical structure (syntax)
o have so much flexibility
what is language?
*Metalinguistic awareness*
- Phonemes
o Phonological development: learning about the sound system of a language
- Morphemes
o Semantic development: learning about expressing meaning
- Syntax
o Syntactic development: Learning rules for combining words
- Pragmatics
o Pragmatic development: learning how language is used
Using language involves
- Language comprehension: understanding what others say (or sign or write)
- Language production: actually speaking (or signing or writing) to others
- Language comprehension precedes language production
Language Acquisition:
- Basic order of events
o Speech perception
Hearing the sounds of speech
Hearig the elody of speeh
By 1 month old, infants perceive speech sounds (phonemes) for all world
Method: conditioned head turn
Baby turns head to sound source when he hears a change from
one sound to another
Correct head turn is rewarded by visual display
By age 1, infant speech perception becomes specialized for own language
But also become more sensitive to patterns of speech of language
How do we know where one word ends and the next begins?
Infants are sensitive to how often sounds are used together
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