PSYC 437 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Anna Freud, Erik Erikson, Libido
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Theoretical Perspectives on Adolescence:
Stanley Hall: (Hall’s Theory of Recapitulation) :
Sigmund and Anna Freud
A sociocultural perspective on development might argue that adolescence is a phenomenon that reflects interactions and transactions between the individual and the cultural context. Influenced by the work of charles darwin (author of theory of evolution) Believe that the development of the individual paralleled development of the human species, a notion referred to as his theory of recapitulation. Infancy, in his view, was equivalent to the time during our evolution when we were primitive, like animals. Adolescence, in contrast was seen as a time that paralleled the evolution of our species into civilization. For hall, the development of the individual through these stages was determined primarily by instinct, by biological and genetic forces within the person and hardly influenced by the environment. The most important legacy of hall"s view of adolescence is the notion that is inevitably a period of storm and stress.