C C 303 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Aulus Gellius, Apollo Belvedere, Tenea

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Lecture 3: Classical Art and Hesiod
Tuesday, September 12, 2017
Geographic/Cultural Designation
Time Period
800 BCE 400 CE
Greek civilization preceded Roman civilization
Greek Eras
o 776 BCE: The First Olympiad; Homer
Roman Eras
Roman Republic
Roman Principate/Empire
o 27 BCE: the inauguration of Augustus
o 410 CE: The First Sack of Rome; Augustine
Status Distinction
Aulus Gellius refers to classical as the opposite of proletarian eeryone else
Aristocratic over popular
Male over female
Racial supremacy (European colonialism and other forms of white supremacy)
In group/out group
Those who knew Latin were educated, superior, etc.
Classical Art
Has a typical aesthetic, aura, psychological quality around it
All white statues serve to obscure polychromy of ancient world
Denotes something that is exemplary or influential in its kind
Captures excellence and essence
Political and social connotations
The Kouros of Tenea
560 550 BCE (Archaic period)
Rigid stance
o Correlation with Egyptian statues
o Not really classical
More pronounced smile
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Document Summary

Time period: 800 bce 400 ce, greek civilization preceded roman civilization. Greek eras: archaic, 776 bce: the first olympiad; homer, classical, hellenistic. Roman eras: roman republic, roman principate/empire, 27 bce: the inauguration of augustus, 410 ce: the first sack of rome; augustine. Status distinction: aulus gellius refers to (cid:862)classical(cid:863) as the opposite of (cid:862)proletarian(cid:863) (cid:894)(cid:862)e(cid:448)eryone else(cid:863)(cid:895, aristocratic over popular, male over female, racial supremacy (european colonialism and other forms of white supremacy, those who knew latin were educated, superior, etc. The kouros of tenea: 560 550 bce (archaic period, rigid stance, correlation with egyptian statues, not really (cid:862)classical(cid:863, more pronounced smile, typically a grave marker. Crouching aphrodite: sculpture encourages you to move around her. Apoxyomenos: 320 bce, (cid:862)the scraper(cid:863, takes a mundane thing and elevates it to the divine. The dying gaul: late 3rd century bce, heroic quality, pathos on face you want to sympathize with the character.

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