Tao as underlying unity: coincidence of opposites
An argument by Chuang Tzu recommending an anti-intellectual,
1. The mind grasps individualities, each as a contrary to
another, and is bound by perspective, with no objective or
"bird's-eye" discernment possible (skepticism).
2. The Tao is the union of contraries and their identity ("from
the standpoint of Tao, a beam and a pillar are identical").
3. Therefore, if you would know Tao, do not "wear out one's
intellect in an obdurate adherence to the individuality of
Support for premise 1:
Relativity of values:
human desires differ from (e.g.) bees' desires
humans as well as different species differ on beauty etc.
Philosophic contentions (e.g. Mohists vs. Confucianists) are
irresolvable; no one can serve as an unbiased judge. This is
sometimes called the "problem of the criterion."
No one kn