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Lecture 24

PSY 301 Lecture 24: Race and Ethnicity

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PSY 301
Gosling/ Harden

Tuesday, April 18, 2017 Race and Ethnicity Lecture Psychology in the News • People are worried that mentioning someone’s race will come across as racist • White people are scared to sound racist • “Color blindness”: avoiding mentioning race Lecture • Social psychology is interested in how people think, feel, and act in the context of other people • The disconnect on how much discrimination is occurring is what’s preventing the problem from being solved • Stereotypes: what you “know” about people • Can be about anything • Cultural: shared across a culture • Personal: based on personal experience Can be true • • Certain traits do cause certain behaviors • Can be positive, but overgeneralizing is bad—don’t judge a book by its cover • Prejudice: how you feel about people • Affective/motivational component • Whether you want to approach or avoid members of a group • Can manifest as anxiety, apprehension, or subtle avoidance • Discrimination: your behavior; how you treat the person based on what you know and how you feel • Stereotypes may not prejudice, but they can still cause discrimination • You can be prejudice about someone without stereotypes (knowledge of them) “Racism” based on treating someone differently can be reversed to white people • • Racism involves power structure, society • White people are dominant • Reverse racism isn’t the same—there is not the same outcome Page 1▯ Tuesday, April 18, 2017 IAT is used to determine implicit bias • 70% of whites show anti-black bias • • 50% of blacks show anti-black bias (based on what they’ve learned from society) • Unintentional bias can be conveyed through body language, eye contact (or lack thereof), and speech fluency Debunked • Myth: psychiatric labels cause harm by stigmatizing people • Reality: stigmas stem from symptoms/behaviors related to mental disorders Prejudice, Discrimination, and Stereotyping Introduction • Prejudices: emotional bias • Stereotypes: cognitive bias • Discrimination: behavioral bias Old-Fashioned Biases: Almost Gone • Of all the countries in the world, only a few have equality in their constitution, and those who do originally defined it for a select group of people • People openly put down those not from their own group Overt, unapologetic, and expected to be shared by others • • Blatant biases: conscious beliefs, feelings, and behavior that people are perfectly willing to admit, which mostly express hostility toward other groups (outgroups) while unduly favoring one’s own group (ingroup) People who openly hate one outgroup also hate many others • Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) • Describes a belief that group hierarchies are inevitable in all societies and are even a good idea to maintain order and stability • Believe that some groups are inherently better than others—there is no such thing as group equality • Preferred arrangement of groups with some on top (preferably one’s own group) and some on the bottom • High SDO traits: Page 2▯ Tuesday, April 18, 2017 • More politically conservative Lower than average on tolerance, empathy, altruism, and community orientation • • Strong belief in work ethic • Tend to choose occupations that maintain existing group hierarchies (police, prosecutors, business) • Those lower in SDO tend to pick more equalizing occupations (social work, public defense, psychology) • Predicts endorsing the superiority of certain groups: men, native-born residents, heterosexuals, and believers in the dominant religion • Women, minorities, homosexuals, and non-believers are inferior • Men score higher on SDO than women throughout the world • Rests on a fundamental belief that the world is tough and competitive with only a limited number of resources • Groups battle each other for these resources—winners are at the top of the social hierarchy and losers are at the bottom
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