Tuesday, October 23, 2012
• Who decides what behaviors, beliefs and conditions will be defined as deviant?
o Particular situations or social environments, culture, and community
o Conflict theory: idea that controls the social institution.
• What are the social functions of deviance?
o Solidarity: some sort of deviance unites society
o Boundary setting: If there's deviance, then we learn what happens and conclude
what the limits are in social behavior. Deviance encourages conformity. (ex: seeing a
kinder gardener not getting a sticker for bad behavior, other kids behave better to get
o Social Change: Change the rules or increase social control
• Why do people deviate?
o A musical interlude: Labeling, problems with how they were raised, parents didn't
love them, they're crazy, they needed a job,
Merton - Strain Theory
Conformists: If you accept cultural goal and use means
For some people it's harder to reach those means: Blocked opportunity.
You want the goal but you can't get there through legitimate needs.
Ritualist: knows or figures out or isn't interest in the goal. They know they won't get rich, but they
still go through means to get that goal (got to job)
Innovation: Your doing something to attain that goal. Retreatists: reject the goal and reject the means
Rebels: They want new goals and new means
Cloward and Ohlin: relative opportunity to arrange in deviance. Easier accesses on how to
cheat: Deviant Subcultures. Ex) The mob
• Differential Association Theory: Sutherland: A persons' tendency towards conformity or