POLS 240 Lecture 9: PoliticalScience240_092216

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University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Political Science
POLS 240
Christopher Acuff

POLS 240 1 22 September 2016 Class 9 Week 6 – Executive Branch Part II 1. Executive functions a. Managing money, maintaining internal law and order, national security, managing foreign affairs b. Nations grow, size and scope of government increases, other functions added 2. Executive office of president a. 1939 – Brownlow Committee b. Includes: OMB, Council economic advisors, national security council, white house office 3. Cabinet Departments a. 15 executive departments, headed by secretaries (and attorney general) b. Varies with scope and size – defense most employees, HHS largest budget 4. Independent agencies a. Estimates range from 60 to 300 b. Structural independence b.i. Typically, anything outside of Cabinet or EOP b.ii. But also includes commissions and government corporations, which some may not think of as an agency b.ii.1. Agency = tasked with carrying out laws and policies set by principals (elected officials, policymakers) b.ii.2. Commissions often create own policies though b.iii. Independent of a department or office directly accountable to president c. Political independence c.i. “For cause” provisions c.i.1. Agency and heads and commissioners can only be fired for cause, and do not serve at pleasure of president c.ii. Length of appointment c.ii.1. Fixed lengths that overlap with presidential administrations c.iii. Party balance 5. Executive Branch Components a. Bureaus a.i. Principal operating organizations of government a.ii. Many at state and local levels a.iii. Ex- Bureau of Motor Vehicles, IRS, Census Bureau b. Field offices b.i. Most government operations done in field b.ii. Offices typically organized by function 6. Leadership and Management a. Federally, president may only be able to pay attention to handful of issues b. State and local b.i. Many agencies, bureaus, boards, and commissions b.ii. Some state administrative officials elected, but some selected by state legislatures
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