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Lecture 17

HISA 3003 Lecture 17: Cold War, End Games

6 Pages
92 Views
Spring 2016

Department
History-South Asian History
Course Code
HISA 3003
Professor
Nabaparna Ghosh
Lecture
17

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Tuesday, April 5, 2016
Day 17 –!Cold War, End Games
HISA 3001
-Cold War occurred because World Superpowers were divided ideologically !
-1959 –"An incident called the Kitchen Debate brought out the idea of the Cold War !
Kitchen Debate, 1959
-Nixon went to Moscow to ask the leader of the Soviet Union to visit a kitchen expo that
presented how kitchens looked in America !
Heated debate spurred as as a result of this Expo:!
-Nixon = Market economies should be endorsed in all countries !
-Khrushchev (Premier of Soviet Union) = Communism should rule !
Communist Economy
-Country’s wealth is owned collectively owned by society !
-Community Party decides what is produced!
-Everyone works and gets a share of benefits !
-Khrushchev deeply believed in this system !
Economy in Democracy
-Country’s wealth is created by trade!
-Businessmen and traders create wealth – Called market economy!
-Unequal distribution of wealth!
Some people become more wealthy than the others depending on profits from trade !
The dierence of wealth = noticeable = cannot be controlled !
-Endorses this model of democracy and vertical accession !
1
Tuesday, April 5, 2016
Communism vs. Democracy
-Democrat’s criticism of Communism:
Choosing between democracy and communism is like choosing slavery and freedom!
They believe that communists gave up all their freedom to their Community Party !
-Communists’ criticism of Democracy:
Workers are not free in Democracy!
Slaves of rich businessmen !
Impact of Cold War
-Europe was divided into TWO blocks
East = Communist
-USSR supported East !
West = Democratic
-USA supported West !
This divided worsened relations between the USSR and USA !
Germany Divided
-USA, Britain, and France decided to help West Germany !
Introduced new currency to aid West Germany !
-Stalin ordered a Blockade !
-In 1949 –"The West set up a federal republic in West Germany!
USA responded by airlift of food and supplies for 10 months!
-In October, the USSR set up German republic in East Germany. !
-Idealogical warfare slowly becoming a territorial dispute/divide !
Truman Doctrine
-March 2, 1947!
-USA must end communism!
2

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Description
Tuesday, April 5, 2016 Day 17 Cold War, End Games HISA 3001 Cold War occurred because World Superpowers were divided ideologically 1959 An incident called the Kitchen Debate brought out the idea of the Cold War Kitchen Debate, 1959 Nixon went to Moscow to ask the leader of the Soviet Union to visit a kitchen expo that presented how kitchens looked in America Heated debate spurred as as a result of this Expo: Nixon = Market economies should be endorsed in all countries Khrushchev (Premier of Soviet Union) = Communism should rule Communist Economy Countrys wealth is owned collectively owned by society Community Party decides what is produced Everyone works and gets a share of benets Khrushchev deeply believed in this system Economy in Democracy Countrys wealth is created by trade Businessmen and traders create wealth Called market economy Unequal distribution of wealth Some people become more wealthy than the others depending on prots from trade The dierence of wealth = noticeable = cannot be controlled Endorses this model of democracy and vertical accession 1
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