Chaapter 16,17 &18
1. Political Parties: A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to
nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government and determine
public policy. The U.S has a two-party democracy.
2. Idealogies: a set of basic beliefs about your life, culture, government and society.
Idealogy is included in both political parties.
3. Third Party: A political party that is different then the two major parties. The most
successful third party was the Bull Run campaign.
4. Single-member district: An electroal district in which only one candidate is elected
into each office. The US is follows the Single member district idea.
5. Proportional Representation: A system in which several officials are elected to
represent the same area in proportion to the votes each party’s candadate recieves. It
is used in Presidential primaries to elect delegates in proportion to their popoular
6. Independent: A voter who doesn’t support any particular party. President Obama and
Mitt Romney had a debate with Independent voters who were undecided to try and
pursue them to vote for them.
7. National convention: A gathering of local and state party members chosen to
nominate presidential and vice-presidential candidates. The national GOP convention
just recently ended a month ago.
8. Direct Primary: An election in which party members select people to run in the
9. Closed Primary: An election in which only people from political parties can vote.
10. Open Primary: An election is which all voters may participate. The final election on
November 7 is an open primary.
11. Plurality: The largest number of votes in an election. The majority.
12. Ticket: The candidates for president and vice-president. The tickets are Mitt Romney
and Barrack Obama this election.
13. Platform: A statement of a political parties principles, beliefs, and positions on vital
issues. These include Obamas “Obamacare”
14. Politcal Action Committee: An organization formed to collect money and provide
financial support for political candidates.
15. Absentee ballot: A ballot that allows a person to vote with out going to polls on
election day. It will be mailed in for the vote to count.
16. Cross-pressured: One who is caught in between conflicting elements in his or her
17. Straight-party ticket: One where a voter has selected candidates of their own.
18. Propaganda: The use of ideas, information, or rumors to influence opinion.
19. Political culture: A set of shared values and beliefs about a natino and it’s
20. Politcal socialization: Process by which individuals learn their political belief and
attitudes through personal background and life experiences. 21. Liberal: One who believes that the national government should be active in promoting