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Lecture 14

ASIAN AM 160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Truman Doctrine, Syngman Rhee, Kim Il-SungPremium

2 pages55 viewsFall 2016

Department
Asian American Studies
Course Code
ASIAN AM 160
Professor
Cheng Cindy
Lecture
14

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U.S. Cold War Policy: Truman Doctrine and Policy of Containment
In 1947, Truman argued that containment of communism in European key to national
security and securing democratic principles
o Contain communism, Spread U.S. democracy foundation of U.S. Cold War policy
o Prompted aid to nations with “communist” or Soviet Union leaning
o Economic and “indirect” support
Turkey and Greece
Communist Containment: Europe
Berlin Crisis
o U.S. and Great Britain sought to integrate Western Germany to capitalistic
system; began plans for common currency
o Soviet Union responded by halting all traffic to West Berlin on June 24, 1948
o U.S. began airlift, delivered nearly 2 million tons of materials to West Berliners
o Crisis ended on May 1949 when Soviet lifted blockade
Significance of Berlin Crisis
o U.S. policy of containment
o Division of East and West Berlin
o Detente
Cold War Turns “Hot” in Asia
Significance of communist takeover of China, October 1, 1949
o Global power was shifted
o Shift in U.S. Cold War policy: from economic aid, to supply of weaponry and
military
o Shift of U.S. foreign policy away from Europe and towards Asia
Korean War
End of WWII, Allies divided Korea ceded by Japan at 38th parallel
U.S. backed unpopular government of Syngman Rhee in southern portion of Korean
peninsula and Soviet Union sponsored Kim Il Sung in northern portion
On June 25, 1950 forces in north attacked south, instigating U.S. to enter conflict
After U.S. entrance, Soviet Union officially back forces in north
Entrance of Chinese troops defeated General McArthur’s advances
Summer 1951 stalemate reached; war ended in 1953
Korean War as “U.S. Proxy War”
Proxy War
o U.S. fought war to stop expansion of Soviet Union’s power and to preserve open
borders
o Conflict between two states where fighting occurs derivatively
U.S. fought Soviet Union through war against the northern peninsula of Korea
Significance of Korean War as “U.S. Proxy War”
War marked by confusion
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