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Lecture 33

PSYC 304 Lecture 33: lecture 33 Chapter 15 Soioemotional Development in Late Adulthood Theory, Retirement and Needs for Affiliation

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PSYC 304

Chapter 15: Soioemotional Development in Late Adulthood: Theory, Retirement and Needs for Affiliation • Activity theory suggests that o Older adults want to be active o In general, healthier, happier when active o Though this can be taken too far o (Who wants to maintain EVERY activity of a jam-packed life?) • Disengagement theory suggests o The older person and society mutually withdraw o Both activity theory and disengagement theory are too extreme • Activities: Going to work…Or not o Do you want to work till you are 90 years old? o Do you want to retire at some point? o Whtat will that be like? • Retirement o Many retire as soon as they can afford to ▪ In industrialized European nations, half retire before 60 o “Full retirement” age is 66 in U.S. ▪ To be 67 for your cohort o Many continue to work, full time or part time o Savings, investments, pensions • How do retirees adjust o Those who adjust best have: ▪ Good health ▪ Enough money ▪ Friends, family, activities ▪ Were happy before they retied o Those who have trouble adjusting experience: ▪ Poor health ▪ Death of spouse ▪ Not enough money ▪ No activities to replace work • Needs for Affiliation and generativity? o Still have needs for affiliation (social convoy)=increased longevity o Friendships o Family members o Marriage/long term relationships • Long Term Partners: The Shoebox o Shoebox-crochet dolls 95,000 dollars o Make dolls when angry-only 2 dolls o Money made from selling dolls • Long term partners o Married older adults are healthier, wealthier, and happier than unmarried people their age o Straight or same sex, long-term partners are better off • Why? o Become interdependent o Mutual respect o Accept each other’s frailties o Learn to disagree…and stay friends o Provide stability o Make each other laugh • Sex o Sex lives continue far into old age o National Social Life, health and Aging Project (sex lives of 57-85 year olds) ▪ Desire ▪ Age-related factors • Adapt o Good health o Steady romantic partner o Moderate drinking • It’s not all fun and agames… o Increase in STD’s ▪ Divorce ▪ Sex education ▪ “personal” • Widowhood o 80% don’t date or remarry-women o Increased risk for suicide-men • Grandparenting o Grandparenting over 85% over age 65 ▪ Used to live with grandchildren ▪ Rrremote, involved, or companionate • Surrogate-parent grandparents o Raised their grandchildren because parents cannot o Due to incarceration, disease, desertion, divorce, teen parents o Very hard on th
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