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Lecture 10

PLSC 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Benjamin Tillman, Naacp Legal Defense And Educational Fund, Grandfather Clause

3 pages38 viewsFall 2017

Political Science
Course Code
PLSC 201

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Civil Rights
Protection by
“Positive rights”
, not freedom from
Concerned with both opportunity and outcome (conflicts arise here)
oSometimes means treating people unequally
Ex: foot race that cannot be restarted where one contender has a ball and
chain around his leg. Halfway through, we realize it is not fair, so we take
the ball and chain off, but now he is behind the other contender, but now
any kind of push for the contender who was behind would now be unfair
for the contender with no disadvantage
3 Important Periods/Eras in Civil Rights
(1) Immediately after the Civil War
oRights for black people
13th Amendment: no slavery (unless it is a punishment for crime)
14th Amendment: extends citizenship, due process rights, and equal
protection to the former slaves
15th Amendment: vote to black men
oThese were gutted by several things
Whites only primary: only one
party at the time (Democratic)
Run by the elite whites from the “black belts”
If there is no real competition, the democratic nominee won
Poll taxes
Pay a fee (tax) to be allowed to vote
Due in spring (planting season)
oThis prevented black people and poor whites from being
able to afford it because they needed a good harvest; had to
choose between buying seed or going to vote
oIf you did not pay last year and you can afford it this year,
you must
Literacy tests
Tests of understanding
oEx: take a section of the Georgia state constitution and have
them interpret it to the liking of those in charge
oEx: test in Mississippi was running soap under water until it
was gone and then saying how many bubbles were made
oSC: 8 box voting- every constitutional office must have its
own ballot box and whatever ballot goes in the wrong box
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