PHIL 200 Lecture 16: Phil 200 Artistotle De Anima notes 2

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19 Dec 2017
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Aristotle says you never find matter on its own
You only find them informed
Things that are alive must have something that things that are not alive do not have
THAT IS SOUL
Nature inner principle of rest and motion (like rocks)
Natural living being inner principle of self-rest and self-motion (ability to self-nourish)
Body (matter) + life (form) = composite being
Soul form
What in virtue of which is something Alive? soul, but what is soul?
412a3 (20) soul is different from body natural body HAS life, it is not life itself
soul= principle of life
natural body = soul
natural body not all natural bodies are alive so this cannot be right
natural body is an underlying thing
therefore, life cannot equal body
soul is a form of a natural body that has life as its potency/ potentiality
genus-form
413a it is not the body that has cast off its soul that has potency to be alive, but rather one that
has soul
knowing/ contemplating are analogies
1st actuality soul= developed principle
2nd actuality operation of developed principle
2nd actualities involve body but soul cannot be body therefore it is the 1st actuality
412b nutritive function requires parts must take in nutrition and metabolize it
3rd definition 1st actuality of an organized natural body = soul
organ = tool in Greek Tool = instrument has a function
does arrangement possess life
natural living body is instrumental because it has organs
Setting up that body and soul are one thing not separable
Soul = immaterial
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Document Summary

Aristotle says you never find matter on its own. Things that are alive must have something that things that are not alive do not have. Nature inner principle of rest and motion (like rocks) Natural living being inner principle of self-rest and self-motion (ability to self-nourish) Body (matter) + life (form) = composite being. 413a it is not the body that has cast off its soul that has potency to be alive, but rather one that has soul knowing/ contemplating are analogies. 2nd actualities involve body but soul cannot be body therefore it is the 1st actuality. 412b nutritive function requires parts must take in nutrition and metabolize it.

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