BISC 101

General Biology

Simon Fraser University

An introduction to the biochemical and physiological mechanisms of living organisms. Topics covered include cell structure and function, DNA replication and the flow of genetic information, enzyme function, metabolism and physiology of microorganisms, plants, and animals.
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BISC 101- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 29 pages long!)

[BISC 101] Comprehensive spring guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Lecture 1 (Week 1) January 5, 2017 ...

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BISC 101
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All BISC 101 Materials | Summer 2015

BISC 101 Study Guide - Summer 2015, Final - Histidine, Digestion, Hemolymph
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BISC 101 – Lecture 12 – Animal Form & Function    Diverse Forms, Common Challenges    ● Anatomy: The study of the biological form of an organism  ● Physiology: The study of the biological functions an organism p...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture 23: Photosynthesis
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BISC 101 Lecture 23 Photosynthesis: Part II Light Properties The light reactions convert solar energy to chemical energy of ATP and NADPH Thylakoids convert light energy into the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH Light: A f...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 24 - Cytokinin, Auxin, Signal Transduction
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BISC 101 – Lecture 24 – Plant Responses to Internal and External Signals Signal Transduction • Signal transduction pathways link signal reception to response • Plants have cellular receptors that detect changes in...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 22 - Light-Dependent Reactions, Chlorophyll, Leaf
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BISC 101 – Lecture 22 – Photosynthesis: Part I Feeding the Biosphere • Photosynthesis: The process that converts solar energy into chemical energy • Photosynthesis occurs in plants, algae, certain other protists,...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 21 - Palisade Cell, Axillary Bud, Eudicots
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BISC 101 – Lecture 21 – Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Plant Groups • Terrestrial plants can be divided into two broad groups • The terrestrial (land) members of the plant kingdom are generally organiz...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 20 - Neuromuscular Junction, Skeletal Muscle, Motor Neuron
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BISC 101 – Lecture 20 – Muscular System Vertebrate Skeletal Muscle • Vertebrate Skeletal Muscle: Moves bones and body and is characterized by a hierarchy of smaller and smaller units • A skeletal muscle...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 19 - Resting Potential, Axon Hillock, Peripheral Nervous System
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BISC 101 – Lecture 18 – Neurons, Synapses and Signaling Lines of Communication • The human brain contains an estimated 100 billion neurons o Each neuron may communicate with thousands of other neurons i...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 18 - Posterior Pituitary, Anterior Pituitary, Thyroid
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BISC 101 – Lecture 18 – Hormones and the Endocrine System Intercellular Communication 1. Endocrine Signaling: Secreted molecules diffuse into the bloodstream and trigger responses in target cells anywhere i...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 17 - Partial Pressure, Surface Tension, Bronchiole
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BISC 101 – Lecture 17 – Circulation and Gas Exchange: Part II Gas Exchange • Gas exchange supplies O fo2 cellular respiration and disposes of CO 2 • Gases diffuse down pressure gradients in the lungs and other o...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 12 - Chondroitin Sulfate, Gastrovascular Cavity, Extracellular Fluid
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BISC 101 – Lecture 12 – Animal Form & Function Diverse Forms, Common Challenges ● Anatomy: The study of the biological form of an organism ● Physiology: The study of the biological functions an organism perfor...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 11 - Citric Acid Cycle, Acetyl-Coa, Oxidative Phosphorylation
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BSC 101 – Lecture 11 – Cellular Respiration Life is Work • Living cells require energy from outside sources • Some animals, such as the giant panda, obtain energy by eating plans, and some animals feed ...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 14 - Sockeye Salmon, Osmoregulation, Stenohaline
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BISC 101 – Lecture 14 – Osmoregulation and Excretion: Part I Osmoregulation And Excretion • In organisms, relative concentration of water and solutes must be maintained within fairly narrow limits • Osm...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 13 - Leaf Miner, Riboflavin, Body Fluid
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BISC 101 – Lecture 13 – Animal Nutrition The Need to Feed • Food is taken in, taken apart, and taken up in the process of animal nutrition • Animals fall into three categories: 1. Herbivores: Eat ma...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 15 - Distal Convoluted Tubule, Proximal Tubule, Efferent Arteriole
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BISC 101 – Lecture 15 – Osmoregulation and Excretion: Part II Excretory System • Excretory systems regulate solute movement between internal fluids and the external environment • Excretory systems produ...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 16 - Superior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Circulation, Pulmonary Vein
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BISC 101 – Lecture 16 – Circulation and Gas Exchange: Part I Circulatory Systems • Circulatory systems link exchange surfaces with cells throughout the body • Every organism must exchange materials with its en...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 4 - G2 Phase, Hydrophile, Golgi Apparatus
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BISC 101 – Lecture 4 – A Tour of the Cell: Part II Cell Systems: The Dynamic Cytoskeleton • Cytoskeleton: Dense and complex network of fibers that help maintain cell shape by providing structural support ...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 7 - Hydrolysis, Intellectual Disability, Phenylalanine Hydroxylase
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BISC 101 – Lecture 7 – From Gene to Protein History of DNA and Its Structure • Watson and Crick 1953 • DNA consisted of two separate DNA polymers called strands • These strands are twisted around each other ...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 5 - Exocytosis, Endocytosis, Electrochemical Gradient
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BISC 101 – Lecture 5 – Cell Membrane Structure and Function Cell Membrane Structure & Function • Cellular membranes are fluid mosaics of lipids and proteins • The plasma membrane or cell membrane separates lif...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 9 - Organelle, Cleavage Furrow, Nuclear Space
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BISC 101 – Lecture 9 – The Cell Cycle: Part I The Key Roles of Cell Division • The ability of organisms to reproduce best distinguishes living things from non – living matter • The continuity of life is...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 10 - Platelet-Derived Growth Factor, Fibroblast, Cancer Cell
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BISC 101 – Lecture 10 – The Cell Cycle: Part II Cytokinesis • Cell division begins here • Cytokinesis: The separation of cytoplasm into two daughter cells • In animal cells, cytokinesis occurs by a proces...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 6 - Peptide, Competitive Inhibition, Reaction Rate
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BISC 101 – Lecture 6 – Metabolism and Enzymes Metabolism And Enzymes • An organism’s metabolism transforms matter and energy, subject to eh laws of thermodynamics • Metabolism: The totality of an organi...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 3 - Vacuole, Thylakoid, Exocytosis
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BISC 101 – Lecture 3 – A Tour of the Cell: Part I Cells are the Fundamental Units of Life • Within the levels of biological organization, cells are the simplest collection of matter that is alive • Cell...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 2 - Collagen, Triple Bond, Guanine
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BISC 101 – Lecture 2 - Biological Molecules The Molecules of Life • Living things are made up of four classes of large biological molecules: o Proteins o Nucleic Acids o Carbohydrat...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 1 - Ionic Compound, Chemical Reaction, Weak Base
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BISC 101 – Lecture 1 - Water The Properties of Water • Life is based on water – It is the biological medium on Earth • All living organisms require water more than any other substance • Water constitutes 70...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
BISC 101 Lecture Notes - Summer 2015, Lecture 8 - Primase, Molecular Sieve, Magnesium
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BISC 101 – Lecture 8 – Biotechnology The DNA Toolbox • Sequencing of the human genome was completed by 2007 • Sequencing of the genomes of more than 7,000 species was under way in 2010 • DNA sequencing ha...

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BISC 101
Onkar Bains
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