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Study Guide

CULS30002- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 45 pages long!)
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45 Pages
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Fall 2016

Department
Cultural Studies
Course Code
CULS30002
Professor
Dr.Dan Edwards
Study Guide
Final

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UniMelb
CULS30002
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
CULS30002(
!
29/02/16!
Lecture(One(
!
East!Asia!–!closely!interlinked!histories,!commonalities!in!cultures!
Degree!of!integration!–!‘East!Asian!Cinema’!
!
What!is!Asian!cinema?!
Financed!by!capital!from!Asian!region!
Contribute!to!cultural/!national/!historical!narrative!of!the!region!
Produced!and!directed!by!Asian!directors!
!
Transnational!corporations!!rarely!bounded!by!national!boundaries!
Mixing!of!genres!–!Hollywood!influences!
!
Bong!Joon!Ho’s!Snowpiercer!(2013)!
An!‘Asian’!film?!
Directed!by!South!Korea’s!most!successful!director!of!‘blockbusters’!
Films!heavily!reliant!on!Hollywood-style!spectacle!
Lead!actors!drawn!from!around!the!world!
Dialogue!mainly!in!English,!but!some!Korean!featured!
Based!on!French!graphic!novel!Le+Transperceneige!
Financed!by!Korean!&!European!companies!
Shot!in!Czech!Republic!
Special!effects!by!Germany!company!Scanline!VFX!
Distributed!globally,!including!US!distribution!by!Weinstein!Company!
Transnational!production!–!problematic!to!ascribe!to!particular!nation/!region!
!
What!is!Asia?!
‘Asia’!as!a!construct!
!Means!different!things!to!different!people!
!Has!meant!different!things!at!different!times!
!
Edward!Waide!Said!
Prominent!literary!theorist,!public!intellectual!and!Palestinian!activist!
Orientalism!(1978)!
Orient!‘not!an!inert!fact!of!nature’!pp.!4!–!5!
‘Orient’!product!of!active!construction!of!Western!imagination!
Concept!intimately!tied!to!read!world!colonial!expansion!of!European!power!&!
forced!economic!integration!under!European!domination!
The!imaginary!orient!constructed!from!a!European!vantage!
Defining!the!‘other’!to!define!the!self!!
European!culture!defined!as!inherently!superior,!civilised,!progressive!while!oriental!
culture!defined!as!static,!sensual!and!sexual!
Orient!as!inverse!of!superior!European!norm!
!
Takeuchi!Yoshimi!
What+is+Modernity!(1948)!
Japanese!thinker!
Anticipated!some!of!Said’s!ideas!
“What!makes!the!Orient!possible!is!situated!in!Europe”!p.!59!
Place!of!the!orient!in!history!determined!by!colonial!European!discourse!
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!
Greater!East!Asia!Co-prosperity!Sphere!
Created!by!imperial!Japan!when!at!the!height!of!its!power!
Imperial!Japan’s!vision!of!a!unified!economic!and!political!bloc!in!East!&!Southeast!Asia,!
controlled!&!directed!from!Japan!
Although!made!possible!by!Japanese!military!conquest,!the!rhetoric!of!the!Co-prosperity!
Sphere!was!anti-!(Western)!colonialist!
‘reclaiming!Asia!for!Asian!people’!
!
Modernity!
Experience!of!being!modern!as!defined!by!the!experience!of!Western!Europe!&!United!
states!in!late!19th!c/!early!20th!c!
19th!c!–!widespread!industrialism!à!large!cities!à!capitalist!social!relations!à!creation!
of!large!urban!communities!
!Talked!about!as!‘modernity!
!Karl!Marx!
!Fuelled!colonialist!expansion!
!
Takeuchi!Yoshimi!argues!European!colonialism!presented!non-European!people!with!
unpalatable!choice:!
Reject!European!economic,!political!&!social!encroachment!and!face!military!
intervention!from!technologically!superior!European!forces!
Or!adopt!European-style!industrialisation!&!capitalism!&!try!to!take!on!colonial!powers!
on!their!terms!
Hence,!“Oriental!modernity!is!the!result!of!European!coercion!or!something!derived!
from!that!result”!
Japanese!imperial!empire!as!proof!of!Japan’s!complete!capitulation!to!Western!ideas!
Japan!as!a!slave!to!western!ideas!even!if!they!were!able!to!get!rid!of!western!powers!
Japan!became!more!colonial!in!getting!rid!of!colonialists!
China!much!more!resistant!to!Western!culture!&!ideas!
!
Cinema!played!central!role!in!Asian!identity!that!Japanese!intended!to!foster!in!Co-
prosperity!Sphere!
By!early!40s,!visions!of!Asian!cinema!realised!to!some!extent!
Many!films!produced!in!Tokyo!&!occupied!Shanghai!and!distributed!across!occupied!
regions!
Japanese!brutality!undermined!pan-Asian!unity!&!identity!
!
Led!to!rise!of!strong!nationalist!sentiments!in!many!areas!of!Asia!
Retreat!from!pan-Asian!culture!
!
Terms!like!‘Asia’!&!‘Asian!cinema’!are!contested!terms!with!long!histories!
Closely!tied!to!global!political!struggles!
Terms!have!had!different!meanings!in!different!times!&!different!places!
!
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Description
[CULS30002] Comprehensive fall guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com CULS30002 29/02/16 Lecture One East Asia – closely interlinked histories, commonalities in cultur es Degree of integration– ‘East Asian Cinema’ What is Asian cinema? Financed by capital from Asian region Contribute to cultural/ national/ historical narrative oft he region Produced and directed by Asian directors Transnational corporations – rarely bounded by national boundaries Mixing of genres– Hollywood influences Bong Joon Ho’s Snowpiercer (2013) An ‘Asian’ film? Directed by South Korea’s most successful director o ‘fblockbusters’ Films heavily reliant on Hollywood-style spectacle Lead actors drawn from around the world Dialogue mainly in English, but some Korean feature d Based on French graphic novel Le Transperceneige Financed by Korean & European companies Shot in Czech Republic Special effects by Germany company Scanline VFX Distributed globally, including US distribution by Wie nstein Company Transnational production – problematic to ascribe to particular nation/ region What is Asia? ‘Asia’ as a construct Means different things to different peopl e Has meant different things at different time s Edward Waide Said Prominent literary theorist, public intellectual and Palestinian a ctivist Orientalism (1978) Orient ‘not an inert fact of nature’ pp. 4– 5 ‘Orient’ product of active construction of Western imagination Concept intimately tied to read world colonial expansion of Eu ropean power & forced economic integration under European domination The imaginary orient constructed from a European vantage Defining the ‘other’ to define the self European culture defined as inherently superior, civilised, pro gressive while oriental culture defined as static, sensual and sexua l Orient as inverse of super ior European norm Takeuchi Yoshimi What is Modernity (1948) Japanese thinker Anticipated some of Said’s ideas “What makes the Orient possible is situated in Europe” p. 59 Place of the orient in history determined by colonial European dic sourse find more resources at oneclass.com
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