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Study Guide

CULS30002- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 45 pages long!)Premium

45 pages142 viewsFall 2016

Department
Cultural Studies
Course Code
CULS30002
Professor
Dr.Dan Edwards
Study Guide
Final

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UniMelb
CULS30002
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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CULS30002(
!
29/02/16!
Lecture(One(
!
East!Asia!–!closely!interlinked!histories,!commonalities!in!cultures!
Degree!of!integration!–!‘East!Asian!Cinema’!
!
What!is!Asian!cinema?!
Financed!by!capital!from!Asian!region!
Contribute!to!cultural/!national/!historical!narrative!of!the!region!
Produced!and!directed!by!Asian!directors!
!
Transnational!corporations!!rarely!bounded!by!national!boundaries!
Mixing!of!genres!–!Hollywood!influences!
!
Bong!Joon!Ho’s!Snowpiercer!(2013)!
An!‘Asian’!film?!
Directed!by!South!Korea’s!most!successful!director!of!‘blockbusters’!
Films!heavily!reliant!on!Hollywood-style!spectacle!
Lead!actors!drawn!from!around!the!world!
Dialogue!mainly!in!English,!but!some!Korean!featured!
Based!on!French!graphic!novel!Le+Transperceneige!
Financed!by!Korean!&!European!companies!
Shot!in!Czech!Republic!
Special!effects!by!Germany!company!Scanline!VFX!
Distributed!globally,!including!US!distribution!by!Weinstein!Company!
Transnational!production!–!problematic!to!ascribe!to!particular!nation/!region!
!
What!is!Asia?!
‘Asia’!as!a!construct!
!Means!different!things!to!different!people!
!Has!meant!different!things!at!different!times!
!
Edward!Waide!Said!
Prominent!literary!theorist,!public!intellectual!and!Palestinian!activist!
Orientalism!(1978)!
Orient!‘not!an!inert!fact!of!nature’!pp.!4!–!5!
‘Orient’!product!of!active!construction!of!Western!imagination!
Concept!intimately!tied!to!read!world!colonial!expansion!of!European!power!&!
forced!economic!integration!under!European!domination!
The!imaginary!orient!constructed!from!a!European!vantage!
Defining!the!‘other’!to!define!the!self!!
European!culture!defined!as!inherently!superior,!civilised,!progressive!while!oriental!
culture!defined!as!static,!sensual!and!sexual!
Orient!as!inverse!of!superior!European!norm!
!
Takeuchi!Yoshimi!
What+is+Modernity!(1948)!
Japanese!thinker!
Anticipated!some!of!Said’s!ideas!
“What!makes!the!Orient!possible!is!situated!in!Europe”!p.!59!
Place!of!the!orient!in!history!determined!by!colonial!European!discourse!
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!
Greater!East!Asia!Co-prosperity!Sphere!
Created!by!imperial!Japan!when!at!the!height!of!its!power!
Imperial!Japan’s!vision!of!a!unified!economic!and!political!bloc!in!East!&!Southeast!Asia,!
controlled!&!directed!from!Japan!
Although!made!possible!by!Japanese!military!conquest,!the!rhetoric!of!the!Co-prosperity!
Sphere!was!anti-!(Western)!colonialist!
‘reclaiming!Asia!for!Asian!people’!
!
Modernity!
Experience!of!being!modern!as!defined!by!the!experience!of!Western!Europe!&!United!
states!in!late!19th!c/!early!20th!c!
19th!c!–!widespread!industrialism!à!large!cities!à!capitalist!social!relations!à!creation!
of!large!urban!communities!
!Talked!about!as!‘modernity!
!Karl!Marx!
!Fuelled!colonialist!expansion!
!
Takeuchi!Yoshimi!argues!European!colonialism!presented!non-European!people!with!
unpalatable!choice:!
Reject!European!economic,!political!&!social!encroachment!and!face!military!
intervention!from!technologically!superior!European!forces!
Or!adopt!European-style!industrialisation!&!capitalism!&!try!to!take!on!colonial!powers!
on!their!terms!
Hence,!“Oriental!modernity!is!the!result!of!European!coercion!or!something!derived!
from!that!result”!
Japanese!imperial!empire!as!proof!of!Japan’s!complete!capitulation!to!Western!ideas!
Japan!as!a!slave!to!western!ideas!even!if!they!were!able!to!get!rid!of!western!powers!
Japan!became!more!colonial!in!getting!rid!of!colonialists!
China!much!more!resistant!to!Western!culture!&!ideas!
!
Cinema!played!central!role!in!Asian!identity!that!Japanese!intended!to!foster!in!Co-
prosperity!Sphere!
By!early!40s,!visions!of!Asian!cinema!realised!to!some!extent!
Many!films!produced!in!Tokyo!&!occupied!Shanghai!and!distributed!across!occupied!
regions!
Japanese!brutality!undermined!pan-Asian!unity!&!identity!
!
Led!to!rise!of!strong!nationalist!sentiments!in!many!areas!of!Asia!
Retreat!from!pan-Asian!culture!
!
Terms!like!‘Asia’!&!‘Asian!cinema’!are!contested!terms!with!long!histories!
Closely!tied!to!global!political!struggles!
Terms!have!had!different!meanings!in!different!times!&!different!places!
!
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