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BIOL 1902 Entire Course Covered

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 1902
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
BIOL1902VNaturalHistoryofOntario1Lecture13February242014GLSLforestregionGreatlakesStLawrenceLayslargelyontheCanadianShieldPartslayontheGLSLlowlandsLaysontwophysiographicregionsAlgonquinDomeAlgonquinProvincialParkisinhereRichbiodiversityblendofnorthernandsouthernhabitatsItsanelevatedpieceoflandscoolerlandgrowthofnorthernhabitatstemperaturesarelowerbecauseoftheelevationParksgeologicalhistoryisthedifferencebetweeneastandwestWesternsidelakeshardwooddeciduousforestsugarmaplebirchetcoWesternhillsreceivedglacialtilldepositseverythingfromfinestilttobigbouldersnotsortedrockGlacialtillretainsmoistureoHardwoodtreesSugarMapleYellowBirchlikethemoistureinthesoilthatisretainedfromtheglacialtilloElevatedcomparedtotheeastoSugarmaplesaredominant90EastsidepineforestgreenyearroundoLoweroSandydepositsfromspillwayoDuetoriversflowingthroughthemThetwoeastandwestofAlgonquinparkdifferintheirgeologicallandhistoryEastsidehistoricallyhadflowingwaterknownbecauseofsandysitesandthewestsidehadeaglacialshieldknownbytheglacialtillandlargerdepositsThewesternhighlandsismuchhigherthantheeasternsidethereforethereismuchmoresandyspillwayfromtheriversontheeasternsideandmoreglacialdepositsonthewesternsidePart2ofEastvsWestofAlgonquinParkEastsidereceivedmassivebedsofsandsortedmaterialbywaterunliketilloPinesdowellindrysandysitesoAglacialriverdrainingLakeAlgonquinflowedthroughEasternAlgonquindepositingsandWaterflowedthroughTheFossmillOutletouttotheChamplainSeaoThePetawawaRiversystemincludingTaleTravershasextensivesandbeachesWhydidtheGlacialSpillwaynarrowareawherewaterisreallyflowingthroughpassthroughandleaveOutwashPlainswaterslowingdownandsandisdepositedhereonlyontheEastsideofAlgonquinoTheWesternsideishigherthantheEasternsideoBecausethewestsidewashigherthewaterflowedthroughtheeastTypetextTypetextTypetextoThewesternhighlandshaveanothermajoreffectonfloraandfaunaoRainshadoweffecthigherhillstakingoutthemoisturefromthelowerpartofthosehillsTheEastsideisdriernotonlybecauseofsanddepositsbutalsobecauseitswarmerandreceiveslessprecipitationthantheWestSide3layersoflifeinthemapledominatedhardwoodforest1TheCanopywherealltheleavesaretopofthetreesMajorityofleavesaresugarmapleleavesMaplesleavesareagreatsourceoffoodforcaterpillarsandmaplespindlegallmitesandmaplespanwormsMostlymothcaterpillarsScarletTanagersgleaninsectspickcaterpillarsofftheleavesinthecanopyNOTFOUNDINTHEBOREALFORESTinharwoodforestRedEyeVireooneofthemostcommonbirdsinthecanopyBroadWingedHawkmostcommonhawkinthecanopyfeedsmostlyonfrogsandsnakesGrayTreeFrogsarecommoninAlgonquinParkcamouflageinthebarkchangecolorsMaplekeysareanimportantfoodoAlsodisperseseedsoLotsofsmallmammalsfollowtheirpatternsforfoodoAnimalsbelowfollowthecycleofthemaplekeysinordertoeatKNOWTHESEEasternChipmunkDeerMouseWoodlandJumpingMousetruehibernatorsBarredowlfeedsonsmallanimalsthatfeedonmaplekeyscommonhardwoodforestowlMartenfeedsonsmallmammalsAmericanBeechgrowonsouthfacingslopestheyrewarmermoresunlightTheylikewarmersoilaroundtheirrootsCanalsoformagroveformorebeechesLeavesturnacoppercolourYoungbeechtreesretaintheirleavesoldbeechtreesdontBeechnutsblackbearslovethemTakes40yearsforthetreetoflowerandproducenutsseebearclawmarksonthetreesBearNeststanglesofbrokenbeechtreelimbswherebearshaveclimbeduptoeatthebeechnutsalsoincherrytrees2ShrubLayerPrettyevidentintheGLSLforestregionbutnotintheBorealForest
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