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CRCJ 1000 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Canada, Sexual Assault, Restorative Justice


Department
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course Code
CRCJ 1000
Professor
Adina Ilea
Study Guide
Final

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CRCJ 1000

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Criminology
Chapter 1: Crime, Criminals, and Criminology
What is criminology?
o The od of koledge regardig rie as a soial pheoeo
A sociological approach
o Aspects of making laws, breaking laws, and reacting to breaking laws
Why are some laws made and others not?
Why do laws change over time?
Consequences of breaking lawscriminal vs offender
o Goal is scientific; develop general and verified principles and knowledge regarding law,
crime, and treatment
Why study crime?
o Identify themes and patterns in committing crime
o Reduce it
o Affects everyone (tax payers funds fund system)
Most are affected by it at some point in their life
o What tpe of puishet or treatet orks est ad hat does’t
Evidence based interventionscientific research in what works best
o To understand motives and intentions of criminals
o Study behaviours of criminals after they have been incarcerated
Rehabilitation effects vs punishment
Goal is to have criminals come out better than they went in
Discipline of Criminology (6 major areas)
o The definition of crime and criminals
How we define crime and criminals
o The origins and role of the law
How does law evolve and how does something become lawful
If there is no law, there is no crime
White ollar rie did’t eist as a soial prolem it was not treated as a
criminal crime
o Social distribution of crime
Trends of people who commit crimes
Geographically (cities)
Types of crime committed by different people
o Causation of crime
Why do some commit crimes and others not
What backgrounds do they come from
o Patterns of crim behavior
Who are the offenders, victims
Under certain circumstances who become offender vs victim
Balance between offender rights and victim rights
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How we talk about offenders vs victim is significant
o Societal reactions to crime
Crime is mainly run with state run criminal justice systems
How do we know about crime?
o Where: Media (news, social media, TV, radio, peers)
o How does this impact our knowledge of crime?
Crime and the media
o Most people learn crime through media
o Media often misrepresents crime to attract viewers
Those thigs do’t happe eer da a’t tur aa
Many Canadians believed that violent crime has been rising in the past
10 years// it has been decreasing
Media representation and political motives effect how people perceive
crime
Things that happen in our own community affect us more than what we hear in
the media
If it bleeds, it leads
o Fictional accounts of crime are very distorted
TV shows C“I Effet
Refers to effect that crime shows have on citizens and jury and how
they think about crime
o Think there is more forensic evidence than possible
o 45 days on average to get a DNA result
In shows it is much faster and more concise
o Study by Moeder and Corbett
Mock trials put students on trial
Students who thought crime shows were realistic felt
DNA was more reliable
Very simplistic view on crime
o Forgets social factors
o Good people vs bad people
Rules and Laws: Regulation of Behavior
o All groups have rulesimportant for society to function
Driving: speed limits, road rules
o We conform to the norms created in society
We must learn most rules so well that we follow them without thinking about
them at all
Blindly following
o We often turn social norms into laws
What is a Crime?
o Harmful behaviors were dealt with as private matters historically
Now it is anything but private crime against state
o Gradually harmful acts became defined as criminal
Crime is against state not individual
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