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ENGL 2802 Midterm: Canadian Lit. Midterm Study Guide

10 Pages

Course Code
ENGL 2802
Susan Birkwood

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Title Author Genre Basic Plot Notes First Words Brian Maracle Explorer narrative: Retelling of Iroquois creation story: - Mohawk: preservation of language literature and historical not just myth/legend, but history - Woman is made first; man doesn’t make the document animals - Doesn’t mention Hell - Daughter dies during childbirth: cerated 3 sisters corn, bean and squash - Tobacco and strawberries - Language: talks about people not things - No negative words; distinction between animate and inanimate things Saukamapee (Life Among David Explorer narrative: Indigenous warfare: used to - The 4 stages: hunting —> pasturage —> the Peigans) Thompson literature and historical describe savageness; small pox agriculture —> commerce ———————————— document ——————————————— - Agriculture creates personal property Narrative of his —————————— Fur trade, the sublime - Themes: institutions/laws, rude v. refined, lower Explorations Gothic style stages being governed by passion v. custom - Small pox made the indigenous not think about war, goals changed ——————————————————————— - Sublime: gothic style, about power (Frankenstein) - Exploration literature is influenced by: commerce, science (nature), cartography, ethnography, aesthetics and literary conventions - Talks about the wendigo, customs and manners (“weendigo psychosis”) - Why native withhold: language barrier, protection of culture, culture barriers A Journey from Prince of Samuel Hearne Explorer narrative: Copper mines; preparations for the - Copper for their ships were mined from rivers - Wales’s Fort literature and historical journey described; idea of Paintings lack colour: only use red and black document (gothic communal property; indigenous - Lists different native groups: usually by location style) warfare not by name (ex. Copper indians = Yellowknife, Southern indians = Cree) - He wants to stay away from the violence of natives but ends up in the middle of it - Uses the word “poor” for pathos, although there is no explication beyond that Samuel Hearne in John New love Poetry- Epigram: a Calls journals out for romanticizing - Repeatedly uses the word ‘hell’: pessimistic Wintertime short poem, especially Canadian life - Enjambment a satirical one, having - Meter expresses minds of truth, loss, isolation, a witty or ingenious feelings of defeat, and internal conflict - ending Ending with Samuel Hearne being related to the indigenous woman being speared: critics the journalists and early northern exploration - Division of ideas/intelligences feels like frustration or tangled feelings: alludes to the idea of the speaker as an outsider, that puzzledly watches things they cannot wrap their head around The Afterlife of George John Steffler Historiographic Cartwright tries to identify his - Dreams show progression: resists at first and then Cartwright metafiction (20th C legacy; concerns with tampering has moments of profound recognition construction of 18th C with the truth; betrayal of native - Hunting: figurative and literal (notion of Indigenous and people and the land (20th C awareness) settler-invader concept in the 18th C); shows - Gothic: elements of the past haunt him relations): novel in contrast between how Cartwright - Postcolonial gothic, Uncanny: something that is which historical texts would try to romanticize living in both familiar and not at the same time may function as Canada and how it actually was to - Industry: causes disease - intertext live in the maritimes back then Female body: approaches women the way he does new land Bildungsroman: - Hawk (Kaumalak) is warrior associated with journey from youth to restlessness and hunting; horse (Thoroton) is a maturity feeling he has for his and his family’s bodies - Weather doesn’t change like Cartwright - Cartwright fitting in - Cartwright’s family (father not mentally present) - The Inuit in England; small pox to red uniform to authority during Selby’s “wedding” - Owl dream: uncanny, betrayal - Fire dream: reoccurring - Caubvick dream: hair and water, story of women who gets her fingers cut off, sentence length is long, gothic - Chemistry of hawks dream: grotesque, creature in uniform (combines his better side with a side he ends up going back to), not breeding for anything peaceful Winter Studies and Anna Brownell Travel literature Critiques women’s status in - Clear-cutting trees: diction “killing”; compares Summer Rambles (plus Murphy Western (European) society; effects treatment on trees to women added excerpt) Jameson of European regulations on - Uneducated women: problem is girls are only indigenous people (exploitive brought up with marriage in mind colonies); - Settlers have taken work from the natives: replaced bows with guns which the native can’t make themselves - Reservations are being made (before Indian Act); foregone policies are hurting native women The Backwoods of Canada Catherine Parr Settlement literature: Notion of overpopulation in Britain; - Anaphora: “It is a good country… It is a fine Traill autobiography, discusses what it takes to live in country… It is a grand country… But, it is a hard immigration guide Canada (wealth, status, willingness country…” to adapt); industry - Mentions industry, labourers, the wealthy, land ownership and adaptation - Praises industry and utility - Romanticizes industry: describes the stumps of trees in a positive way, “[A]s to ghosts or spirits they seem totally gone from Canada…” - Associates deforestation with a fresh/blank slate; completely forgets about the natives Roughing It in the Bush Susanna Settlement literature: Notion of overpopulation in Britain; - More negative Moodie autobiography, discusses what it takes to live in - Discusses: class and immigration, propaganda in immigration guide Canada (wealth, status, willingness Europe that lures people to Canada to adapt); industry - Republicanism: seen as a disease coming from America - Contrast between sons of poverty and those who are born to “command” (wealthy): people born of poverty will do well in Canada because they know how to work hard - Anti-Irish and anti-Catholic prejudice: woman’s lack of covering up (sexual); sunburn meant they worked; the Irish were savages next to natives - Tower of Babel: humanity wanted to reach the heavens, God thought this rude so he created different languages to divide the people and scattered them Journals of Susanna Margaret 20th C reflections on Not actually journals - Brian a man who Moodie takes in: suffers from Moodie: Atwood 19th C settler depression “Disembarking at Quebec” experience - Moodie sees similar class traits in him: he gives “Further Arrivals” her daughter milk - “Dream 2: Brian the Still- Landscape: is a church or safe haven v. prison cell Hunter” for Moodie - Deer is hunted and eaten by wolves - Deer as sublimity: a brave, noble creatures - Self-preservation: Brian tried to commit suicide The Stone Carvers Jane Urquhart Novel - Memorial art/ Terrence Blake - Collected memory/post-memory - Klara inheriting v. her brother - Mother as a “tailor” not “seamstress” - Saint Assisi statue: face changes over time/ with Klara’s emotional state A Plea for Emigration Mary Ann Pamphlet A settler guide that informs - Makes comparisons between Canada and Africa Shadd prospective immigrants of the (for the people in the US) conditions in their proposed new - Climate: disease and death of Africa v. the fruitful (First black home Canadian soil/weather (and even argues that the newspaper states is colder than Canada) - editor; Canada is closer to the states than Africa abolitionist) - Labour/trade: no “degrade of class”; embellishes the acceptance of black people in the work-force - Settlement: states that there is no legal discrimination (property, etc.) The Adventures of a Black Djanet Sears Play A black girl searching for access to - Chorus: ancestors, land (creek), tree of life Girl in Search of God God; invisibility v. visibility and (presence of the past) black culture/history in Canada - Birth, rebirth, death - Job and suffering (if there should be no more suffering then you can bear, why have ppl suffer at all?): Ben = physically and betrayal with job; Rainey = psychologically and physically; Michael = psychologically/spiritually - Rainey does believe in God she just doesn’t know how to trust and reconnect with it again - Eating the soil, ash, chalk: - Eating the aspirin: willow bark = tree in cemeteries; tree of the land (ancestors) - Makes reference to the tree growing inside her but also to the holes in her stomach: kind of like a phantom limb, but with Janie (hasn’t let any other men in) - Constipation: physical; psychological holding on to Janie - Abendigo’s coffin - Historical figures: Harriet Tubman, Rosa Parks, Black Panthers, Bert’s codenames, Brotherhood of the Sleeping Car Porters - Visibility: faith that cannot be seen; African- canadian cultures and history; Lotsa Soap; ancestors v. CHORUS; Rainey isn’t seen as a doctor; the jockeys are hidden until their faces are
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