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Grade 9 english:
7 skills all young people need to survive the future of the workplace
Dr. Tony Wagner, co-director of Harvard's Change Leadership Group, argues that today'sschool children are facing a "global achievement gap," which is the gap between what eventhe best schools are teaching and the skills young people need to learn.This has been exacerbated by two colliding trends: firstly, the global shift from an industrialeconomy to a knowledge economy, and secondly, the way in which today's school children —brought up with the internet — are motivated to learn.In his book "The Global Achievement Gap," Wagner identifies seven core competencies everychild needs in order to survive in the coming world of work.1. Critical thinking and problem-solvingCompanies need to be able to continuously improve products, processes and services in orderto compete. And to do this they need workers to have critical thinking skills and to be able toask the right questions to get to the bottom of a problem.2. Collaboration across networks and leading by influenceGiven the interconnected nature of the business world, leadership skills and the ability toinfluence and work together as a team has become increasingly important. And the key tobecoming an effective leader? It's twofold, says Wagner, involving "creative problem-solvingand a clear ethical framework".3. Agility and adaptabilityThe ability to adapt and pick up new skills quickly is vital for success: workers must be able touse a range of tools to solve a problem. This is also known as "learnability", a sought-afterskills among job candidates.4. Initiative and entrepreneurialismThere is no harm in trying: often people and businesses suffer from a tendency to be riskaverse. It is better to try 10 things and succeed in eight than it is to try five and succeed in allof them.5. Effective oral and written communicationRecruits' fuzzy thinking and inability to articulate their thoughts were common complaints thatWagner came across from business leaders when researching his book. This isn't so muchabout young people's ability to use grammar and punctuation correctly, or to spell, but how to2/3communicate clearly verbally, in writing or while presenting. "If you have great ideas but youcan't communicate them, then you're lost," Wagner says.6. Accessing and analyzing informationMany employees have to deal with an immense amount of information on a daily basis: theability to sift through it and pull out what is relevant is a challenge. Particularly given howrapidly the information can change.7. Curiosity and imaginationCuriosity and imagination are what drive innovation and are key to problem solving. "We're allborn curious, creative and imaginative," says Wagner. "The average four-year-old asks ahundred questions a day. But by the time that child is 10, he or she is much more likely to beconcerned with getting the right answers for school than with asking good questions."What we as teachers and parents need do to keep alive the curiosity and imagination that, toa greater or lesser extent, is innate in every child."
Plastic Co Pte Ltd (‘Plastico’) is a Fiji company. The company has issued and paid up capital of $250,000 held in equal parts by two brothers. The company’s business involves making plastic products for the local market.
The brothers are planning to emigrate to New Zealand and wish to sell the company. An agreement in principle is reached for X to buy the company for $1 million. This is a cash sale.
Presume that you are wealthy and a longtime friend of X.
X comes to see you. She explains that she has in hand $800,000 (from her own savings and bank financing) and is short $200,000 to close the deal. X wants you to loan her $200,000. X has two specific proposals as follows.
Plastico is an old company. When founded it established its factory on the outskirts of Suva. Since that time Suva has grown and spread with the consequence that the land on which the factory stands is today much more valuable than when the factory was built. X has had the land valued at $300,000.
X has found alternative factory premises on the outskirts of modern Suva that would be suitable for the company. These premises are for sale for $100,000.
X proposes that you lend her $200,000 for four months only. X will acquire Plastico. The company’s new directors, X and her husband, will have Plastico sell its current factory and relocate to the premises already identified. The relocation will provide net cash of $200,000. Plastico will then pay a dividend of $200,000. X will use the distribution to repay your loan.
X proposes that you lend her $200,000. This will be a longer term loan of say 6 years to be paid down incrementally over the life of the loan. Plastico will retain its present factory premises. As security for the loan, Plastico’s new directors, X and her husband, will have Plastico grant you a first mortgage over the current factory premises. Given the valuation placed on the premises the loan will be almost risk free.
Further details of both proposals provide an attractive return for you on the financing.
Required:Consider each proposal separately and in turn.Does the proposal offend any of the capital maintenance rules?
[Note ‘agreement in principle’ refers to a situation where two parties have agreed on all the terms of a deal (i.e. contract) but have not yet formally committed to the deal. In this story the parties (X and the two brothers) will only sign the contact document detailing the agreement when X has lined up the required cash of $1 million.]
based on your additional research, should police departments employ predictive policing to reduce crime with limited resources? Be sure to carefully defend your response with reasons and consider an objection (which you respond to) before you conclude the argument.
My response: I agree that being a part of the white society is like the concept of invisible privilege that has a familiar simile in that it is analogous to an invisible weightless knapsack. This metaphor emphasizes that white privilege, even though it may not be immediately obvious, has considerable advantages and opportunities that may include a lot of benefits and freedom to life. White people benefit from the structures and institutions in which they live. In the same culture, they were trained to be oblivious to their benefits. The undeserved advantages that were created by white people made people of color feel as if they were being oppressed. It is a norm and dominating racial power to be white in this society. For instance, if a white person comes into a new neighborhood, they are fairly certain that the bulk of their neighbors are the same color as them. A person has no idea of the advantages they have until they put themselves in the shoes of other people of color. Peggy McIntosh said that white advantages don't originate from a fault in a single human or from a single individual using them. It is via an inherent fault in the system that white privilege is created. If we wish to effect systemic change, it must occur inside the system. Systems have a major impact on individual behavior in the social world. We may all do our part to hasten the end. McIntosh maintains that white people may see racism in a different way when something gives them an advantage over others, not because it benefits white people. Systemic oppressions have interactive and internalized characteristics. Teaching racism as an act rather than an overall system that advantages the dominant group makes it difficult for white people to see themselves as racists. Embedded systems can't be eliminated, the recognition of them is important. Change won't come from just being dissatisfied with the system. McIntosh's example offers many benefits for comprehending white privilege. There are many advantages to understanding white privilege as the McIntosh example demonstrates. While it is true that 'whiteness' is simply about skin color, the various definitions of race reveal that it is really much more than that. The fact that McIntosh refers to white advantage rather than non-white disadvantage when framing the discussion of race reinforces the overall idea that race should be seen in terms of advantage rather than disadvantage.
-State thesis and summarize argument
-Define any key terms
2. Main Body
-Argument 1, Argument 2, Argument 3
-Response to objection
-Restate thesis/summarize your main arguments