Introduction to the Study of Psychology PSYC1001
Final Exam Practice Quiz
1. Which of the following schedules of reinforcement produces the highest, steady-state responding (i.e.
continuous, with no breaks)?
a. Variable Ratio
b. Fixed Ratio
c. Variable Intermittent
d. Fixed Intermittent
e. Fixed Interval
2. Which of the following is FALSE regarding the study by Garcia & Koelling on the Conditioning of
a. The dependent variable was the amount of water the rats would drink after the pairing.
b. The independent variable was the rat’s ability to learn pairings of external stimuli with internal
c. Rats with “bright-noisy” water paired with shocks drank less water later.
d. Rats with “tasty” water paired with illness drank less water later.
e. This study demonstrated that learning is facilitated when the CS and the UCS make sense
3. You decide to start feeding your dog canned dog food. The first time you turn on the electric can
opener, the dog pays no attention to the noise it makes, but then runs over when it smells the yummy
odours coming from the open can. Eventually, the dog learns that the noise is related to the yummy
smell and comes running as soon as he hears the can opener. In this example, the unconditioned
a. the sound of the can opener.
b. the smell of the yummy food.
c. your dog running over when he hears the can opener.
d. your dog running over when he smells the yummy food.
e. the dog food.
4. Your roommate has a new boyfriend who at first seems very nice. However, he smokes cigarettes,
and every time he comes over to your apartment he smokes a lot, and the smell gives you a really bad
headache. Now, whenever you see him, you start to get a headache, even if he isn't smoking. In this
example, the sight of your roommate's boyfriend, which now gives you a headache, represents the…
a. unconditioned stimulus.
b. unconditioned response.
c. conditioned stimulus.
d. conditioned response.
e. neutral stimulus.
5. To extinguish a cat's tendency to always run towards you and start begging at the sound of the electric
can opener, a person who emphasizes classical conditioning strategies might recommend that…
a. an electric can opener no longer be used.
b. excessive levels of food be offered after the can opener is used.
c. cat food be offered after a certain amount of time has elapsed since the can opener was used.
d. you should discontinue feeding the cat after using the electric can opener.
e. you should kill the cat. 6. Research on taste aversion has been used to support the concept of…
a. instinctive drift.
b. operant conditioning.
c. latent learning.
7. In Observational Learning, the saying “we do not always perform everything that we learn” is related
to which of the four Processes of Observational Learning?
a. Attentional Processes.
b. Retentional Processes.
c. Motor Production Processes.
d. Motivational Processes.
e. All of the above.
8. Remembering the provinces and territories of Canada is an example of…
a. procedural memory
b. nondeclarative memory
c. semantic memory
d. episodic memory
e. implicit memory
9. Which theory suggests that memory is stored throughout the brain in connections between neurons?
a. semantic network
b. serial position effect
e. parallel distributed processing
10. Long-term potentiation refers to the concept that…
a. if two neurons communicate with each other, the connection between them may be
b. memory is affected by prior experience that is not consciously recalled
c. information that is already in storage can be activated to help remember new information
d. information processed at deeper levels is remembered longer
e. long-term memories can be maintained over a longer period of time if the memories are
11. Suppose that you train a rat to run through Maze A. After the rat has learned this maze, you train it to
run through Maze B. Later, you find that the rat has more trouble remembering the way through Maze
B than it did in Maze A. This situation best illustrates…
a. retroactive facilitation
b. retroactive interference
c. proactive facilitation
d. proactive interference
e. storage failure
12. Which of the following brain structures is involved specifically in emotional (i.e. fear) memories?
a. The hippocampus.
b. The amygdala. c. The pons.
d. The cerebellum.
e. The pituitary gland.
13. An Iconic memory is believed to last...
a. our lifetime
b. for several minutes
c. for several hours
d. one second
e. one quarter of a second
14. Our ability to recall is facilitated when the type of processing required in the recall task is similar to
the type of processing that was used in the initial encoding of the information. This is called...
a. Interference Theory
b. The Forgetting Curve
c. Transfer Appropriate Processing
d. Source Monitoring
e. Reality Monitoring
15. Which of the following is NOT a state of primary awareness?