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PSYC 1001
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CHAPTER ONEPsychology The science that studies behavior and physiological and cognitive processes Discipline in Philosophy and Physiology 7 Major Research AreasoPersonalityoPsychometricsoPhysiologicaloSocialoCognitiveoDevelopmentaloExperimentalApplied Psychology Branch of psyc that deals with every day practical problemsoClinicaloCounselling oEducation and SchooloIndustrial OrganizationPast Conceptions Of BehaviorAncient Societies The Stone AgeTheory Deviance and the supernatural mysticismTreatment Exorcism and Trephination hole drilling in head to release spirits Psychological RootsPrescientific PsychologyoIs the mind connected to the body or distinctoAre ideas inborn or in is the mind a blank state filled by experienceoNature or NurtureThe Rise of Psychology as a SciencePsychological Roots of PsychologyDescartes Dualism Human behavior is based on their mind and matter Involuntary actionsHobbes Materialism All things are composed of materials even things like consciousnessLocke Empiricism Knowledge is gained through experience We are born as blank slatesBiological Roots of BehaviorMuller Doctrine of specific nerve energies Not trueFlouren Experimental ablation Surgical removal of a body parttissueBroca Localization of language Left frontal lobe was for speechHelmholtz Located the mind within the brainWeber PsychophysicsCurrent Fields of PsychologyBiologicalPhysiologicalDealing with the functioning of organismsPsychophysiology The way our mind and body interactBehavior Genetics Source of behavior genes environment both Clinical Branch that deals with diagnosis and treatment of psychological problemsBehavior Analysis Learning TheoriesPersonality Differences in personality when does it appear is it geneticsNeuropsychology Brain stuff head injuries AlzheimersCognitive Psychology Problem solving memory learningSocial Group mentality group behaviorDevelopmental Psychology How we developCrossCultural The differences between us and why Evolutionary Examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generationsParadigms A cognitive set a way of thinking about something determines what you seek and your interpretationIntrospection Careful systematic selfobservation of ones own conscious experienceMajor Paradigms in the Development of PsychologyStructuralism Task is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related Uses Introspection Titchners adaptationWundt Founder of Psyc Titchner Functionalism Studies the function or purpose of consciousness rather than structure proposed by JamesDarwin Natural Selection Heritable characteristics that provide survivalreproductive advantages Believes that we must investigate the functions of consciousness not structureGestalt psychology Seeing things as a whole WertheimerBehaviorism We learn from conditioning and our environment We should only study observable behavior Founded by Watson Behavior Refers to any observable response or activity by an organismPsychodynamic Theory A school of thought united by a concern with the dynamics or interactions of forces lying deep within the mind Focuses on unconscious determinants of behavior to explain personality motivation and mental disordersUnconsciousness contains thoughts memories and desires but below the surface of conscious awareness but can greatly influence our behavioroPeople are not masters of their mindsHumanistic Psychology Humans have unique qualities freedom and potential for personal growth RogersCognitive Psychology Human behavior cannot be fully understood without studying how we process acquires store and process informationBiological Revolution Our functioning can be explained in terms of bodily structures and biochemical processesPsychiatry Medicine dealing with psychological disorders Can use medical treatment or psychotherapyPsychologys Scientific RootsWundt opened the first Psyc lab at the University of LiepzigFirst experimental lab in the British Empire by James Mark Baldwin at UoTBaldwin helped found the American Psyc AssociationCanadian Psychological Association founded in 1939
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