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PSYC 1001
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Learningtendency to perform a particular behaviour is changed by experience interactions between the individual and the environmentMaking connections associations between events Behavioural theories attempt to relate units of behaviour called responses to units of the environment called stimuliFocusing upon explaining the behaviour and predicting future behaviourEvolutionary Theories would focus on the adaptive aspects of learning to survivalOrganisms that were able to learn were able to survive in a changing environmentHabituation Orienting Responseour attention is drawn to a novel stimulusHabituationlearning not to respond to an unimportant event that occurs repeatedlySensitizationbased on some prior stimulus we become more responsive more sensitive to a subsequent stimulusNot necessarily the same stimulushorror moviecreaking floor Shortterm HabituationThe result of stimuli that are presented quickly in a short periodLongterm HabituationResults when stimuli are spread over a longer periodClassical Conditioning Pavlovhis dogsClassical Conditioning involves learning about the conditions that predict that a significant event will occurPavlovs Discovery Realized that the dogs had learned to anticipate the food based on environmental stimuli the presence of the dish or the person doing the feeding UNconditioned Stimulus UCSa stimulus that naturally elicits some responseUNconditioned Response UCRa response that is naturally elicited by the stimulusPavlovs dogsnaturally salivate in the presence of food Conditioned Stimulus CSsome stimulus that was previously neutral ie it did not automatically elicit the response Conditioned Response CRthe response that was previously referred to as the UCR when it is elicited by the CS is now referred to as the CR but its still the same response Without Prior Learning UCS food naturally elicits UCR salivation
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