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[PSYC 1002] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 45 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1002
Professor
Charles Gibney
Study Guide
Midterm

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Waterloo
PSYC 1002
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSYCH January 17th, 2014
Motivation and Emotion
Emotional Intelligence: a person with a high emotional intelligence can
accurately perceive individuals’ emotion’s including their own. They are
able to identify the difference between all human emotions as well as be
able to express them.
Motivation: Internal state that directs behavior towards objects and/or goals.
Based on deficits/lack of something.
Instinct: unlearned behavior
Need: a state of tension within the person
Drive: results from the need for something
Henry Murray’s Theory of Needs
Henry Murray suggested that individuals have a variety of needs, some
stronger then others. However a certain trend in actions is likely to reoccur.
Maslow’s Theory of needs
Individuals have a variety of needs. However the lowest needs must first
be met before we proceed to higher needs.
Example: a mouse will leave its hole (safety) in order to find food.
Self-Actualization: the need for
growth and to develop your full
potential. Accept themselves and
others as well as increase
spontaneity, improved interpersonal
connections, creative and more
democratic thinking.
Murrays “big three motives”
Need for achievement
Need for power
Need for intimacy
Deficit
Need
Motive
Thought
Behavior
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PSYCH January 17th, 2014
Motives vs. Incentives
Motives= the internal disposition to be concerned with positive and
negative incentives
Incentives= the anticipated reward
When an incentive is delayed, we gradually begin to decrease the value of
the incentive. This is called Delayed Discounting.
For example if you help your friend move because they promised you free
pizza, but then they tell you that you wont be getting the pizza till next
month…then value of that pizza goes down. Therefore you are less reluctant
to help your friend move.
Delayed Gratification is the difference in people’s ability to control
oneself.
Q: Does motivation relate to grades?
1. Mastery-Approach Goal orientation
2. Mastery-Avoidance Goal orientation
3. Performance-Approach Goal Orientation
4. Performance-Avoidance Goal Orientation
Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa: there are 3 essential features
Persistent energy intake restriction
Intense fear of putting on weight/becoming fat
A disturbance in self-perceived weight/shape
Individuals with eating disorders maintain a BMI below that of a
normal level for their personal age, sex and psychical health.
Weight loss s achieved through;
Reduction in food intake
Excluding high calorie foods
Purging
Types of Anorexia Nervosa
Restricting Type
Binge-eating/Purging Type
Weight goal is achieved through
dieting, fasting and or excessive
exercise
Regularly engaged in binge eating
or purging (or both)
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