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midterm study notes 2

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Carleton University
RELI 2510
Richard Mann

Midterm Study Notes Hinduism Rig Veda 10.129  Creation hymn  Trying to express creation that is ineffable, requiring poetry, paradoxes, express something beyond the power of words  Absolute monism, a time when there is neither this nor that, in the beginning there is just one  No binary opposites, we function on difference so it is difficult to explain  Monism appears again in Upandishads and then again in Sankara  Tell him why the chain has meaning, why are you telling him about upandishads…  Speculative, world is not as you think, also ordered and structured thought that focuses on ritual and what you must do  If things start with absolute singularity, want to get back there  Sankara~stop the whirling of thoughts, thoughts create differences  Brahmin and Atman~same thing, all is brahmin, atman is a little bit of brahmin in us, it is the same thing The Vedas Indias earlist language, language of Sanskrit - Vedic Deities : spirits of god everywhere, House hold rights: calling on good spirits to get rid of bad spirits (personal rights– kid sick due to bad spirit and call on good spirits to get rid of bad) - Cosmic Rights: the sun doesn‟t go up and down by its self, but because priests feed the sun and make it come up (cosmic functions)  Saṃhitā – the actual collections of hymns  Brāhmaṇa – ritual treatise  Āraṇyaka – forest teaching  Upaniṣad – sitting near, or secret teaching  Shruti - special and refers generically to memorizing, you have to orally memorize it and learn to pronounce them properly (that which is heard)  Rishi - sees not our generic sense of sight but the sound (immortal sounds) that was taken to the people (a seer) Passages: 1. Indra: the „king‟ of the gods RV 2.12.3-4, 8-9: “He who killed the serpent and loosed the seven rivers, who drove out the cows that had been pent up by Vala, who gave birth to fire between two stones, the winner of booty in combats – he, my people, is Indra…. He by whom all these changes were rung, who drove the race of Dasas down into obscurity, who took away the flourishing wealth of the enemy….” Meaning: - Indra is associated with rain and monsune, brining in the new season, “coming of the rain is a big deal, without rain everything would be brown and die” - Model of enemy crushing - Book (2), him (12), Verses (3-4 & 8,9) => Indra is violent (always on the winning side of wars), believed he created fire, myth or story that he held up the cows and water and goes to war against the serpent and splits it open to release water 2. Agni: the sacred fire RV 1.1.1-5: “I pray to Agni, the household priest who is the god of the sacrifice
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