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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 1002
Professor
Christian Carron
Semester
Winter

Description
Organizations Who do we mean by “we” - Many social movements are about defining the “we” - Social group: are composed of set of people who identify with one another, and adhere to defined norms, roles, or statuses • Ex: Members of a family, sports team, or college - There are different types of social groups • Primary vs. secondary • Communities, social networks, organizations Primary and secondary groups - Primary groups ð Groups where norms, roles, and statuses are agreed upon but not put in writing • Social interaction leads to strong emotional ties, extends over long period, and involves wide range of activities • Results in group members knowing one another well  Example: The family (most important primary group) - In comparison to primary groups, secondary groups: • Are larger and more impersonal • Group members have at most, a passing acquaintance with one another • Involve social interaction in narrow range of activities over shorter period of time that create weaker emotional ties  Example: Sociology class. Sports team Communities (interest)- historical and contemporary types - Acommunity is a collection of people, who are not clearly defined or circumscribed, but who agree to something that other people reject and bestow an authority upon those beliefs - Communities: historically • Community, however, is more about an expression of desire than a reality • Most powerful allude to ‘common blood’, hereditary character, timeless link with a ‘land’ • Genetic similarities for the purpose of creating unity are not set in stone anymore - Communities: contemporary • Community then moves towards communities of faith- communities we have chosen • Communities of faith need to be supported by rituals, series of regular events • The harder it is to get into a particular community, the higher the demand for uniformity for its members Social networks (exchange)- older vs. newer types - Old forms of social networks • Are elaborate social networks in big cities • Networks also shape scientific influence because scientists in social network tend to share similar scientific beliefs and are thus are more open to some influences than others • In 1980s, HIV/AIDS disease did not spread uniformly throughout community
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