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Study Guide

CLAS 203- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 36 pages long!)


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 203
Professor
Naomi Kaloudis
Study Guide
Final

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McGill
CLAS 203
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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1
Greek Mythology
Zeus and Memory (Mnemosyne)
Had an affair and she gave birth to 9 muses
o This includes Calliope who is the muse of Epic poetry
The Beginnings of the World (Theogany)
Chaos (Void/Chasm)
Gaia (Earth), Erebus (darkness of Tartaros), Tartaros (depths of earth), Eros
(sexual love)
o Erebus is the generative force that allows Gaia’s divine conception
o Eros is the generative force that allows her to reproduce
Was compared to God in the Book of Genesis
Gaia’s fatherless children:
o Ouranos (Sky)
o Moutains
o Pontos (Sea)
The first generation
o Ouranos and Gaia had a sacred marriage (hieros gamos) and had:
12 titans: Iapetus, Cronos, Rhea, Hyperion, Oceanos
The Cyclopes (BSA assay): Brontes “ thunder”, Steropes
“lightning”, Arges “ bright”
The Hechontires (Hundred-Handers): Briareos, Cottos, Gyges
They are strong and arrogant
The Furies (Erinyes)
Born from the drops of blood coming from Ouranos’
castration which fell on Earth
They are sent by Zeus to torment people
The Giants
Aphrodite
Ash-tree nymphs
Oceanos and Tethys
They had the Oceanids
They were 3000 boys and 3000 girls
They represented springs, rivers, streams and have mythological
personalities
Hyperion and Theia
They had Eos, Helios, Selene
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2
Selene & endymion
Selene was driving her chariot with horses across the sky when she spotted a
mortal Shepherd Endymion
He was taking a nap
Selene fell in love with him and asked Zeus if he could grant him eternal
youth and life,
Zeus granted her wish and made his sleep for eternity
Eos & Tithonus
Eos fell in love with Tithonus and had his child
However, she asked Zeus if he can grant him eternal life, and he did
However, he did not offer him eternal youth, so he continued to grow old
and into a cricket
Eos was disgusted so she left him because he got uglier
Nyx
She is the personification of Night
She is more psychological darkness than physical darkness
The Moirai (The Fates)
They are children of Nyx
They are three old women
o Clotho (Spinner) will give life
o Lachesis (Apportioner) will determine how long you live
o Atropos (Inflexible) will determine when you die
Eris
Daughter of Hera and Zeus
Goddess of Strife, Discord and Competition
o 2 kinds of strife:
Good competition/strife where someone deserves what they
have and work hard
Bad competition/Strife where someone has everything due to
nepotism and doesn’t work hard.
The First Generation of Olympian Gods
They come from Cronos And Rhea (both are titans)
They have Hera, Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Demeter
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