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[SCTM 2002] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 23 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Science / Tech / Mathematics
Course Code
SCTM-2002
Professor
Stephen Tulk
Study Guide
Midterm

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OCAD
SCTM 2002
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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Wandy Cheng
Winter 2017
Human Form and Function: Introduction to Anatomy
Lecture 1
- UofT professional dissected human parts
- Treat every specimen with absolute respect
- You must not take a photograph of any kind of material
- WHMIS
- Functional adaptation of all parts of the body
o Human evolution
- Will be intense for the first four weeks as we don’t have a lab
- Textbook contains readings from two textbooks
- 45$ each for each of the sessions, you pay for it, then you get your lab manual
o Exact change would be ideal
- Office Hours are normally Wednesday afternoon 3:30pm ish
- Michael Soong, degree in physiology then medical illustration
- Eat before the lab
- CSD accommodations are not forever
o Stephen has had situations where students are not negotiating the deadlines
professionally
- The eye sees what the mind comprehends
- Understanding our evolutionary past may help our understanding of modern
anatomic function
Evolution Basics
- Nature’s tool to ensure progression to higher forms
- Evolution is good for you!!
o Eat more paleo
- Survival of the fittest
- Carl von Linne (or Linnaeus) 1707- 1778
o Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
o Species is the most detailed description
o How do species change?
o By definition, only creatures within the same specie can interbreed
- Jean Baptiste de Lamark 1744- 1829
o Being able to inherent traits that you inquire
o The reasons giraffe have long necks because generations and generations of
giraffes want to eat higher trees
o Implied progress to perfection, with humans on top
- Darwin’s Contribution
o Background in geologist and the natural world, breeding dogs and pigeons
o Embarked on a journey for a two year, turned into a five year tour
o Galapagos!
Ecological niche:, evolutionary opportunity
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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Wandy Cheng
Winter 2017
Human Form and Function: Introduction to Anatomy
Changing climate means changing ecological niches, and eventually
creatures go extinct
o With possible ancestry to other species, variations appeared to relate to
variations in the conditions at different island
o Evolution change
o Natural Selection: the mechanism that explained the origin and variations of
all living forms
- Alfred Russel Wallace 1823- 1913
o Collector of exotic specimens to sell to British museums
o Together with Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural
Selection
- Requirements for Evolution
o Survival of the few
o Competition for limited resources
o Intrinsic increase in the numbers of individuals within a species
- A Few Topics to be Discussed
o Natural selection means that it’s nature chosen, compared to survival of the
fittest?
The latter caught on in Victorian England, they needed to prove that
colonization was the right thing to do
Nature makes the call
o Evolution just tells us what worked best, until things change, and things
ALWAYS change
o Evolution only selects for attributes that improve the chances of survival long
enough to reproduce, not necessarily happiness or good health
o The ability to adapt through innovation and technology in humans has
altered the balance of nature, arguably destroying nature
But nature will essentially just keep going
o Darwin should know how to draw
Critical way of understanding the natural world
The Notochord, and the Invention of the Tail
- If there’s no notochord, the critter collapses
- Acts as a propeller
- Pitch, roll, and yaw
o Basic fins, supporting long keratin (what fingernails are made out of) rods
that stiffen the fin
o Archipterygial fin, wings
o Metapterygial fin, difference is that they have a cluster of bones at the base in
the fins, meta means side
Very common in fresh water fish
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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