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ITM 207 Study Guide - Final Guide: Database, Problem Solving, Database Engine

Information Technology Management
Course Code
ITM 207
Youcef Derbal
Study Guide

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Chapter 12
Information system
Software that helps the user organize and analyze data
Electronic spreadsheets and database management systems
Software tools that allow the user to organize, manage, and analyze data in various ways
A software application that allows the user to organize and analyze data using a grid of labeled cells
A cell can contain data or a formula that is used to calculate a value
Data stored in a cell can be text, numbers, or special data such as dates
Spreadsheet cells are referenced by their row and column designation
The power of spreadsheets comes from the formulas that we can create and store in cells
When a formula is stored in a cell, the result of the formula is displayed in the cell
If we’ve set up the spreadsheet correctly, we could
add or remove tutors.
add additional weeks of data.
change any of the data we have already stored and the corresponding
calculations would automatically be updated.
Formulas make use of basic arithmetic operations using the standard symbols (+, -, 2, *, and /)
Spreadsheet functions
Computations provided by the spreadsheet software that can be incorporated into formulas
A set of contiguous cells specified by the endpoints
Circular reference
A set of formulas that ultimately rely on each other

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Possible tasks a spreadsheet could perform:
Track sales
Analyze sport statistics
Maintain student grades
Keep a car maintenance log
Record and summarize travel expenses
Track project activities and schedules
Plan stock purchases
Spreadsheets are also useful because of their dynamic nature, which provides the powerful
ability to do what-if analysis
A structured set of data
Database management system (DBMS)
A combination of software and data, made up of a physical database, a database engine, and a
database schema
Physical database
A collection of files that contain the data
Database engine
Software that supports access to and modification of the database contents
Database schema
A specification of the logical structure of the data stored in the database
Database query
A request to retrieve data from a database

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Relational DBMS
A DBMS in which the data items and the relationships among them are organized into tables
A collection of records
Records (object, entity)
A collection of related fields that make up a single database entry
Fields (attributes)
A single value in a database record
One or more fields of a database record that uniquely identifies it among all other records in the table
We can express the schema for this part of the database as follows:
Movie (MovieId:key, Title, Genre, Rating)
Structured Query Language (SQL)
A comprehensive relational database language for data manipulation and queries
select attribute-list from table-list where condition
name of field name of table value restriction
select Title from Movie where Rating = 'PG'
Result is a table containing all PG movies in table Movie
Entity-relationship (ER) modeling
A popular technique for designing relational databases
ER Diagram
A graphical representation of an ER model
Cardinality constraint
The number of relationships that may exist at one time among entities in an ER diagram
Electronic commerce
The process of buying and selling products
and services using the Web.
Chapter 16
The Web
An infrastructure of information combined and the network software used to access it
Web page
A document that contains or references various kinds of data
Links A connection between one web page and another
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