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Chem 164 Notes

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Department
Chemistry
Course
CHEM164
Professor
Derrick Clive
Semester
Fall

Description
Chemistry 164 High School Review – Organic Chemistry 8/29/2012 1:59:00 PM Organic Compounds: Carbon containing compound in which carbon atoms are nearly always bonded to each other, to hydrogen, and to other substances. - 2- Excludes: C2,CO, CN , CO3 , Cyanides, Carbonates Functional Groups: Small structural units where more reactions occur, molecules with the same functional groups make up organic families. Naming: Prefix + Root + Suffix Branched Groups Longest Chain Organic Family Hydrocarbons: Contain only C&H Atoms Aromatics: Based on a Benzene Ring Aliphatics: Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes Hydrocarbon Derivatives: Contains bonds with molecules besides C&H Examples: Alcohols, Esters, Carboxylic Acids, Alkyl Halides Alkanes – Contains only single bonds Saturated Hydrocarbons: Each carbon bond is fully bonded General Formula: n 2n+2 n = # of carbon atoms Naming: 1) Root  Longest continuous carbon chain 2) Suffix  -ane 3) Prefix  Branches in alphabetical orde
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