NURS103 Study Guide - Final Guide: Health Promotion, Jeanne Mance, Health Professional

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25 Aug 2016
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Nursing History
Organized nursing-> aboriginal had healthcare forms but were not "organized"
History= events from the past, changes, story of human beings in time (connection w/ the future)
Jeanne Mance
Founded in 1642 hotel dieu in Montreal
Unlike Augustine nurse she was not part of a religious order
Co-founder of Montreal-> health education, and finance (Mesoniuef???)-> army
Has to go back to France and ask for money-> she was hella courageous
Highest award in nursing
Marguerite Dufrost de la Jemmerais D'Youville
oFounder of the Grey Nuns
oBorn in Quebec
oWomen of New France didn't take their husband names
oHer husband was a bootlegger and then gets killed
oDecides to take care of a hospital-> forms Grey Nuns
oGrey= tipsy (she didn't give a fuck and named it Grey Nuns)
oFounder of community health nursing
oGrey Nuns would go to homes provide care
oCame to Edmonton: 3 sisters arrived in Lexington-> St.Alberta-> Edmonton
Opened Edmonton General Hospital (1st in the city)
Managed the hospital
o1600s-1900s: 95% of care was done by sisters and French Canadians
oEnglish Canadians did jack shit health care-> no catholic church
Agnes Snively
oFirst president of the Canadian nursing association
oHelp founded the international nursing council
Roserta MacAdams
oOne of the first women to be elected
oShe was a nurse
Edith Cavel
oKilled by the Germans because she was trying to protect the soldiers
oEnraged Canadians
oNurses seen as angelic
Alice Girard
oSat on the royal commission
oDean of nursing at U of Montreal
oOnly nurse, women, and French Canadian
oEducation of nurses
Dr. Denise Lefebvre
oFirst to get a doctoral education
oGrey Nun sister
Dr. Helen Mussalley
oSat on the royal commission
oSubmitted report-> all hospital nursing schools in Quebec and Ontario closed
oOne of the first to get doctoral education
Dr. S Stinson: First Albertan nurse to get a PhD
Religious Nursing (1639, 1642, 1737, 1859)
First settlers came to Quebec= 1534
Settlements in the early 1600s
Quebec city= 1608
Mostly men that came
Champlain-> colony/settlement
1639= Augustine sisters came and found hospital (Hotel dieu)
Herbal medicines, prayers, quarantine, fever care
King surgeons= barbers (they were good at knifes)
*Teach new immigrants of the way of the country (plants, building houses, etc.)= health promotion
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Florence Nightingale
Helped soldiers in Caribbean war
Learned to become a nurse in Germany and France
Decrease the mortality of the soldiers
*2 things: created the first school of nursing to lame women at St. Thomas hospital in London and started to write about
nursing (notes on nursing)
Same time as the grey nuns arriving to Alberta
Becomes hella famous in the British Empire
The ideas of nursing started to spread
Schools of Nursing AB
Arrive and first one is in St. Catherine's
First on in Alberta is Medicine Hat
When Florence Nightingale started her school, it had its own money and separate from the hospital
*When it started in NA-> budget of the hospital included the school's budget= cheap labour
Students were used as staff-> get up and go to work on the wards (7-7) 6 days a week, and had their classes in the evening
Went to church on Sunday morning and had Sunday afternoon off
Dr. George Weir-> investigate (Canadian Nursing Association) and wrote a report -> first recommendation was to get the
students out of the hospital
Alberta took until the 1900s to stop hospital schools
Creation of university programs: at UBC in 1919, first university course in 1919 at UofA
Professional Associations
International council of nurses (1897): oldest health professional association in the world
Health care is provincial-> not seen as important federally
If nurses are going to get anywhere for their working environment-> provincial nursing association (1916 in Alberta)-> CARNA
Homecare-> paid with food
People claim to be nurses-> no legislation-> public doesn't know who is legit
CARNA-> women couldn't even vote but they managed to get an association to predict nurses
Created to protect people from phonies and protect nurses for better conditions
*Public Health Nursing
Until WWII little things that you can do when someone is sick (no antibiotics)
University education started because of the need for public health
3 things that caused it: Spanish flu (influenza), WWI (Canadian young men were unhealthy ), very high childhood-mother
mortality (pregnant women and babies would die)
Government started to create programs for the pop to develop better understanding of health and to stay healthy
oNurses didn't have science background but there were a lot of them
Sandwich program: university-> diploma in hospital-> university
oNeed educated nurses for the need of the public
Medicine Hat-> had mines-> hospital-> nursing program (nursing student are the staff)
Nurses worked in people's home (homecare) or clinics (university educated)
oCheap labour in the hospitals
oA lot of people are still scared about hospitals (infections)
Homecare-> professional associations
District nurses= nurses in Alberta that would cover an area and provide all the care
Not a lot of physicians who wanted to go to the smaller areas-> nurse practitioners (minor surgical procedures)
oLaura Attrux: flew her own plane (boss ass bitch)
Hospital Nursing
After WWII-now
Majority of the nurses work in hospitals
More men in nursing
Governments were not in favour of men in nursing-> change in gender roles overtime
Lots of surgical techniques that have been developed-> more hospitals
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Government-> we should have a healthy population-> start investing in healthcare
Tommy Douglas (Saskatchewan)-> health insurance
1965: royal commission on health services-> health care we have today
Graduate Education
Need to develop knowledge for the practice
First master's program (1957/8) at U of Western Ontario
First PhD program at U of A (1991)
Programs-> nurse practitioners (NPs)
oDiagnosis, prescription
oRNs will soon be able to prescribe
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