o Top proficiency score = very best anyone could be at the skill regardless of age
• PLAY Tools include measures of Confidence (Low) and Comprehension of each task. If a child requires a prompt,
mimics their peers, requires assessor to describe the task or demonstrate, this is noted in the assessment.
• Females @ age 10 already ↓competent/confident (Cochrane). Want females AND males to develop their skills!
• Run there and back, hop, overhand throw, kick ball, balance walk backwards (toe to heel)
THE NATURE SOLUTION ACROSS THE LIFESPAN – JANICE COOK
• Nature = significant role in PA and PL. Nature Play & Risky Play are key!
• Dimensions of health: physical, emotional, intellectual, social, spiritual – ↑health w/PL and w/NATURE!
• PL = motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge & understanding, value and responsibility, for life!
• 5 core PL principles: inclusive & accessible to all, unique journeys, range of experiences (different environments
and contexts), need to be value and nurtured throughout life, contributes to development of whole person
• 5 PL environments: ground, air, water, ice/snow, outdoors
• 4 key components of outdoor: nature (nature play), adventure and risk (risky play), beauty/aesthetics (pull
factors), outdoor activities and FMS (stability/locomotor/object identification)
• Early years (ages 0-4) & active start (ages 0-6): variety of movements/environments, ↓screen time, movement
exploration, ↑outdoor time. BRAIN DEVELOPMENT IN THESE YEARS, DEVELOPING CONNECTION TO NATURE
• Developing PL → social benefits, cognitive benefits, emotional benefits
• “Protection Paradox” – the overprotective nature of trying to keep kids safe by keeping them indoors and away
from risks. Parents overly concerned about safety, but inactivity/sedentary living is much more dangerous
• Active Outdoor Play = Movement to get children playing outdoors bc ↑outdoor time = ↓sitting & ↑playing –
essential for healthy child development and developing PL
• RICHARD LOUV: 1) Nature Deficit Disorder = Last Child in the Woods (2005) – disconnect from nature harms kids
– “leave no child inside” movement. 2) The Nature Principle
• The Nature Principle = adults ↓connection w/nature.
o PT 1: Nature Neurons (developing ↑senses in nature, creativity, capcaity to learn/pay attention/engage
o PT 2: VitN (turning to power of natural world →fitness:↑self-esteem/mood/vigour, ↓stress/depression)
• Wilson 1984: Biophilia = love for nature & living things, DNA level, evolutionary, nature prescription, ecotherapy
• UK – ‘Project Wild Thing’ (2014) selling nature – swap screen time for wild time
• Norway/Sweden - 'Friluftsliv’ (returning to nature = returning home). Japan/Korea – Forest Bathing. Indigenous
Cultures – Connection to Land and Place. Australia – Healthy Parks, Healthy People. MINDFUL VS MIND FULL
• Attention restoration theory: directed attention (voluntary + fatigues) vs soft fascination attention (involuntary)
o 4 aspects of soft attention (Kaplan): “get away”, nature holds attention + mind wanders, deep
experience, affinity with nature allows attention to rest. “AUTHENTIC HAPPINESS, DELIGHTFUL PLACES”
• Adventure: uncertain outcome, risks (soft/extreme/misadventure), ↑energy, inescapable consequences, choice
• Will Gadd adventurer, 46 YO, sense of pride for making use of his days, no regrets, being alive & living – MOVE
• PA ≠ exercise or fitness. PA includes active transportation, daily activities, playing, walking (≠ sitting). Average
Albertan is sedentary 8.25-9.7 hour/day – 1/3 of Albertans are sedentary for 10+ hours daily
• Outdoor activities have assets of nature, adventure and aesthetics/beauty which may promote motivation
• Inspiration: Mountaineer Don Forest (1920-2003), began @ 41 YOA, climbed all 56 peaks of Rockies by 59 YOA,
oldest person to reach Mount Logan peak @ 71 YOA, died skiing at 83 YOA.
ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR ALL (STATS, BARRIERS, MODIFICATIONS, LTAD)
• Dear everybody: if we can’t include everyone in a game, we aren’t playing it right at all
• 1 in every 7 Canadians experience disability (13.7%)
• 75% of school-aged children with a disability reported having multiple disabilities. The prevalence of disability
↑w/age. Almost 33% of Canadian seniors reported having a disability.