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Anthropology Midterm 1

18 Pages

Course Code
ANTH 1150
Marta Rohatynskyj

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Comment MR1UNIVERSITY OF GUELPH College of Social and Applied Human Sciences Department of Sociology and AnthropologyANTH1150 01 Introduction to Social Anthropology FALL SEMESTER 2011MidTermAnswersRead each of the multiple choice questions carefully and then choose the BESTanswer byfilling in the corresponding bubble on your scantron sheetBe sure your name student number and email ID are clearly filled in on the answer sheet 1 The difference between the discipline of economics and the study of economy in sociocultural anthropology is that asociocultural anthropology studies economy in the context of community andcultural values as opposed to just looking at the operation of the marketb sociocultural anthropology is more rigorousceconomics is all statisticald economics does not study economy in other cultureseall of the above Answer A2One of the most serious acts of immorality among the Gebusi was a Two young men having a homoerotic affair b An older man running off with a young girl c A married woman leaving her husband for a more powerful man d An uninitiated boy having an affair with a married woman e A married man having extramarital affairs Answer D3 Marcel Maussargued in his book The Gift that a all social relationships are part of a larger social contract b the foundation of all social relationships is reciprocity and the exchange of gifts c too much reciprocity leads to economic imbalance d gift exchange cultures are rare e All of the above Answer B4 When Bruce Knauft in The Gebusi calls a small boy his biscuit this signifies a the importance of European imported food to the Gebusi b the way that older men address young children in this culture c the importance ofthe initial gift exchange in the formation of social relations among the Gebusi d that the Gebusi tend to be very unsophisticated e None of the above Answer C 15 The famous social thinker Max Weber identified three bases of stratification in state societiesThey are a restricted generalized and direct b wealth prestige and power c power control and authority d authority legitimacy and prestige e wealth legitimacy and prestige Answer B6 One of the most serious questions raised by the discussion of the situation in Basra under conditions of war is a Whether there will ever be an end to war in the human experience b Whether anthropologists should work in war zones c Whether under certain conditions labelingsomething as atraditional practice serves to cover criminal motives and activitiesd Whether the young ethnographer was collecting accurate data e Whether the ethnography of political violence is a legitimate area of research Answer C7 The staple food of the Gebusi in the 198082 period was the a Sweet potato b Yams c Bush fruit d Wild pig e Sago Answer E8 Matrilineal and patrilineal systems were identified early in the history of anthropologyWhat must we remember about these two systems a matriliny is not a mirror image of patriliny b women are equal to men in matrilinies c both matriliny and and patriliny vary greatly in terms of gender equality d women are always oppressed e true equality is impossible Answer A9 It was argued in class that one of the reasons that the traditional approach to kinship studies was abandoned had to do with the study of Papua New Guinean kinship systemsIt was argued that a it was impossible to classify all thekinship systems in this part of the world within the descent model b many Papua New Guinean kinship systems were based on reciprocity and not descent c the classical African model of patilineages did not seem to apply in Papua New Guinea2
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