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ANTH 1150

ANTH1150 Intro Notes 10/01/2012 4:57:00 PM Prof is a Cultural Anth Previously worked in Namibia Bushmen of the Kalahari Bushmen San Used to called them !Kung Now Ju/hoansi = true people o Ju = person o /hoan = true o si = plural Afrikaners and Hereros Apartheid ended in 90s human rights issues Textbooks: Cultural Anthropology 7 thEdition, Conformity and Conflict 14 th Edition Note boxes in textbook case studies, ones noted in class are most important Note key terms(in book + in class) Interruptions okay NO NOTES ONLINE EXAMS 1 Midterm Start Economics and Exchange nd 2 Midterm (NOT cumulative) Marriage Religion Final = cumulative Format (all)= multiple choice, true/false 2 Feb 2012 Midterm 1: 50 mult choice, 10 true false (scantron) Bring a friggin pencil Intro (H&J Ch 1) 10/01/2012 4:57:00 PM o Key Terms Holism all aspects of a culture are integrated with other aspects no one thing can be understood independently Economic system kinship political system etc Ethnology a cross cultural comparative analysis of a particular topic (uses ethnographic work for comparative POV) Ethnography deep study and description of one particular cultural group (biography of a culture) Fieldwork first hand experience of people being studied Integration into community thru long term residence, knowledge of language and customs, while maintaining role of observer Informants (research participants) Participant Observation - Ethnocentrism the idea that the way your culture does things is the most logical (your culture is the centre of the universe) General Questions o What is anthropology? o What do anthropologists do? o How do anthropologists do what they do? o Why study anthropology? General Notes o Anthropology is: Study of human beings Roots from ethnocentric ideas, more development over last few decades o 4 Fields of Anth, all have applied aspects Cultural (Social) humans = culture bearing/culture creating persons Focus on currently existing cultures Applied = find solutions to cultural problems o Development issue in 3 rdworld, human rights, poverty, discrimination, gender issues Ex: census info for development projects Archaeology study past cultures by examining material remains Began in mid-18 thCentury Study of great nations in the ancient world Work can help to reinforce land claims (applied aspect) Linguistics study of variety of languages spoken by humans (3 types) Language is key to transmission of culture Formal Linguistics formal structure of languages grammar, syntax Historical Linguistics origin/development of languages and lang families, how they change over time Socio Linguistics explore relationship btwn language and social interaction Physical compare human and non-human primates Understanding relationship between heredity, culture Applied = forensics (body ID, etc; CSI) examine bones sex, height, ancestry (ethnic) o Work on criminal cases, genocide o Methods of study Conducting field work Interpreter/research assistant from community is an asset informants Integration into daily lives participant observation Child helpers are key field worker is like a child in the community Ask questions long narrative answers (qualitative) Take surveys (quantitative) *Avoid studying groups as specimens Culture (H&J Ch 2) 10/01/2012 4:57:00 PM o Key terms: Enculturation - partly conscious, partly unconscious learning experience, where the older generation compels the younger to adopt their (traditional) ways of thinking/behaviour Diffusion passage of cultural traits from one place to another where those traits have influence in the new area where they arrive Society organized group of people who share a homeland and who depend on each other for their survival and well being (dont necessarily share culture)s Subculture share patterns of belief and behaviour that are distinct from their societys culture Emic describes culture from participants POV, observer uses concepts and distinctions that are meaningful and appropriate to the participants Etic describes culture from observers POV, uses concepts and distinctions that are meaningful and appropriate to the observer Infrastructure Structure Superstructure General Questions: o What is culture? o What are the characteristics of culture? o What is society? o What is the difference btwn etic and emic? o What is the difference between a materialists and an interpretists theory of culture? General Notes: o Culture is: Used to be interchangeable with civilization Set up hierarchy (cultured on top) Learned socially acquired traditions of thought and behaviour in humans, including patterns of belief and behaviour o Characteristics of culture:
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