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CLAS 1000- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 27 pages long!)


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAS 1000
Professor
John Walsh
Study Guide
Final

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U of G
CLAS 1000
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Chanel Kennedy Week 1 Classical Studies
Archaic Period 776-490 BC
- Begins at the date of the first Olympics, with that came literacy
- Ended in 490 e
Classical Period 490-323 BC
Hellenistic Period 323-30 BC
- Spread Greek culture
Neolithic- Greeks lived as Neolithic, working with stone, focusing on daily survival
- Lived in caves
Bronze age Greece.
- Copper and tin (Cu Sn), mixed to make bronze
- Crete 3600-1000 BC
- Mainland 1580-1200 BC
- Dorian invasion
Minoans
- On the island of crete
- Hoped that he found the place of a king Minos, who was the son of Zeus
- Came to earth in the form of a giant bull, and abducted a woman
- Came from the east and came too crete, with the woman created a child named Minos
- Borrowed ideas, technology from the east
- Allegory for what really happened (exchanged for the trade of goods and knowledge)
- Asks pasidon for heath, in exchange for the sacrifice his white bull
- Did not sacrifice the bull he was supposed too, he was angry so he decided to punish Minos
- Minos wife falls in love with the bull he would not sacrifice
- She builds a hallow bull so that the bull will love her back
- The Minator born from the wife and the bull
- Deformities are viewed as punishment
- Obsessed with acquiring psychical perfection
- Built a maze and put the minator in it and fed him human flesh that was sacrificed from Athens
- Theseus travels from Athens to Crete, hunts down the minatory and kills him (represents the
shift in power from crete to the mainland)
- Technically sophisticated
- Trades (Egypt to Sardinia)
- Palace construction/ thalassocray
Mycenaeans
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Chanel Kennedy Week 1 Classical Studies
- Mainland palaces
- Myceane/schlieman
- Pushed out Minoans languages and religions
- Decline the female hierarchy and bring in Indo-European myths
- Building built to impress force, not art
- Built fortified cities
- Ruled by a single king called Wanax
- Wore thick armour, kings did many fighting themselves, that how he gained power
Troy
- In the collapse of the city troy during the fall of the mycenaeans
- After the fall of troy, became the dark age
- Greeks blame a lot of beauty and women
- During the dark age they lost the ability to record their own history
Homer
- Begins writing around 800BC
- Ancient Greeks believed that Homer a blind poet and he recorded Greek History
- He wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
- Preserved Greek Culture
- Written about the 10 year of the Trojan War
- Between the people in mainland Greece, and in Troy (now eastern turkey)
- War started at a wedding between a mortal man (Peleus) and a sea creature (Thetis)
- Originally Zeus planned to marry Thetis
- Eris was not invited to the wedding (goddess of Discourse)
- Arrived at the wedding uninvited with a gift; an apple Kallistz. And throws the gift into the
wedding (for the most beautiful)
- Three women tried to get the apple, Hera, Athena and Aphrodite.
- Hera is Zeus’ ife, Athea is his daughter ad Aphrodite is the God of loe. “o Zeus gies the jo
of handing out the apple to Paris from Troy
- They offer they Paris power, undefeatable in battles, give you the love of the most beautiful
person on the planet (political, military, hot girl)
- Paris is a young man- he chooses the girl
- Helen of Sparta is won as his prize, she comes from Leda a beautiful woman and Zeus in the
form of a white swan
- She was born out of an egg
- Helen was married, to Menelaus the King of Sparta (Mycenaean Sparta)
- Paris leaves Troy for Sparta, greeted by Menelaus Xenia- important traditions of greetings
- He abducts Helen, with the help of Aphrodite, eros firing golden arrows, and they return to Troy
- Meanelaus intends to go to Troy kill Paris and Helen
- His brother Agamemnon, agrees to lead an invasion
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