Factors leading to successful change (pg. 20)
- Definitions of health (pg. 4)
- Quality of life model (pg. 7)
- Dimensions of wellness (pg. 9-11)
- Social determinants of health (pg. 13-15)
- Health and university students (pg. 15-16)
- Stages of change theory (pg. 19-20)
Life: Health and Well-Being – October 15 2012h
Panacea: to heal
Holism: emphasis on the interconnection between physical and spiritual world, between the individual and their
environment and between the mind, body and spirit; health is an ongoing, dynamic process.
Health: according to World Health Organization, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, but state of complete
physical, mental and social well-being (1947); according to university of Toronto reseachers – the degree to which a
person enjoys the important possibilities of his or her life.
Lalonde Report: focused on life style and environmental factors on health; Health Field Concept – human biology,
environment, lifestyle and health-care organizations; acknowledged that the vast amount of money being used to treat
diseases could have been spent to prevent the diseases.
Morbidity: disease Mortality: death
Ottawa Charter: health promotion – process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health; to
reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and individual group must be able to identify and
realize aspirations to satisfy needs and to change or cope with the environment.
1) Self-care: decisions and actions individuals take in the interest of their own health
2) Mutual aid: actions people take to help eachother cope
3) Healthy environments: creation of conditions and surroundings conducive to health.
Quality of life:
Being – who one is; physical, psychological and spiritual being.
Belonging – connecting with one’s environment; physical, social and community belonging.
Becoming – achieving one’s personal goals, hopes and aspirations; practical, leisure and growth becoming.
DUNN’S CRITERIA FOR WELLNESS
- Direction and progress toward a higher potential of functioning
- The total individual (physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual)
- Functioning and adapting for daily living and in times of crisis.
Seven dimensions of wellness:
1) Social wellness: encourages collectivist view of the world; contributing to society, helping others; ease and
confidence to be outgoing, friendly and affectionate; ability to re