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[GEOG 1220] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (12 pages long!)


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 1220
Professor
Lorne Bennett
Study Guide
Midterm

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UofG
GEOG 1220
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Saturday Sept 12/16
Lecture #1: Population, Resources and the Environment
Human-Environment Interaction Model
Negative Feedback: Reduces change
Ex: As deer population increases, as does wolf population
Positive Feedback: irreversible change, there is always a crash (with exceptions), we must
keep all populations within the Earth’s carrying capacity.
Ex: Invasive species kill of original plants/animal species
Ex: Human population is increasing exponentially, there is now an increase in food demand,
and not enough resources
Attributes of the Models Components: POPULATION!
1. Population Size
2. Population Density
3. Population Distribution
4. Population Growth Rate
Attributes of the Models Components: RESOURCES
Natural Attribute:
1. Supply (nature supplies resources ex: # trees in a forest)
2. Natural Resources
Human Attributes:
1. Demand
2. Use
3. Acquisition (Manufacturing)
Attributes of Models Components: ENVIRONMENT
1. Abiotic Environment (non-living)
2. Biotic Environment (living)
Factors Influencing Population, Resources and the Environment
People Overpopulation: A lot of people with little resources that create a huge impact
Consumption Overpopulation: Countries with a lot of money, increased supply and demand,
creating huge impact on Earth
1. Per Capita Consumption
2. Public Policy
Population: abortion laws, immigration laws, war
Resources: importation/exportation, water ban
Environment: hunting laws, fishing/ catch and release, creation of provincial parks
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Saturday Sept 12/16
3. Technology
Population: medicine,
Resources:
Environment: Irrigation systems, mining,
4. Culture/ Religion
5. Externalities: “The environmental cost of producing or using an economic good or service
which is not included in the market price of the good or service”
Ex: Factory polluting, in order to eliminate pollution we must deal with it by developing
technology that reduces all pollution that are caused by factories.
Common Property Resources: Resources that are free and accessible to all
Ex: River/Lake water
Resources and Environmental Impact
Resources
Anthropocentric Definition: A resources does not just refer to a thing, but refers to a function.
Ex: a tree is paper, a cow is meat etc.
Biocentric Definition: The rights of non human resources supersede those of human needs and
wants
Ex: Don’t believe in the killing of seals for fur
Scientific
Technologic
Economic
Political
Technocentric viewpoint:
Ecocentric viewpoint: Humans are apart of the biosphere and are subject to its laws
Characteristics of Functional Resources
1. Resources are dynamic not static
2. Resources may be depleted/degraded and/or made obsolete
3. Resources can be extended (or made to last longer) through technology and management
4. Resources can be hazards (ex: waterfront property, can be destroyed by tsunami)
Types of knowledge
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