10. When setting the RDA for a specific nutrient, which of the follow considerations is NOT typically taken into
b) Developmental stage
c) Activity level
11. In the Ancel Keys starvation experiment at the University of Minnesota, which of the following was NOT typically
experienced by the participants?
a) Increased sex drive
b) Weight loss
c) Decreased cold tolerance
d) Irritability and impatience
12. If one wanted to use an experimental animal to best model the gastrointestinal physiology of a premature
human infant, the best one would be?
a) The ruminant calf
b) A monogastric species with a functional caecum
c) The neonatal piglet
d) Transgenic mouse
13. An organic chemical that is required in only very small amounts is most likely a(an)?
a) Primary fuel source
14. Carbohydrates are the preferred fuel over lipid and protein because?
a) The enzymatic pathways are always in place for their handling.
b) Carbohydrates provide more energy per gram than either lipid or protein.
c) Human beings do not have the enzymes to break down lipids in the gastrointestinal tract.
d) They cannot be consumed in excess.
15. The nutrient that makes up the largest proportion of the human body is?
c) Protein/amino acids
16. Hyponatremia results when one consumes?
a) Too little iron, folate or vitamin B12
b) Too much water
c) Too little calcium
d) Too much carbohydrate