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NUTR 3210 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Gluconeogenesis, Chylomicron, Nutraceutical

Course Code
NUTR 3210
Kelly Meckling
Study Guide

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Student Name ____________________________________Student Number______________________
NUTR*3210 Fundamentals of Nutrition
Make sure the colour of your examination booklet and score sheet are the same.
Using a pencil, fill in the most appropriate response to each question, on the score sheet.
Make sure your name and student number is on both the examination booklet and the score sheet.
Hand in both the computer score sheet and the examination booklet.
1. A monosaccharide has the following structure as a Fisher Projection. It would be named?
a) D-glucose
b) L-glucose
c) D-xylose
d) D-fructose
2. The sugar in question 1 above, has how many chiral carbons?
a) 3
b) 4
c) 5
d) 2
3. The sugar in question 1 above has how many stereoisomers?
a) 2
b) 4
c) 6
d) 8

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4. A disaccharide has the following Haworth Model. It would be named?
a) Gal (β1→4)Glc
b) Gal (α1→4)Glc
c) α-amylopectin
d) sucrose
5. The enzyme that would cleave the sugar in question 4, to monosaccharide units would be called?
a) α-amylase
b) debranching enzyme
c) sucrose
d) β-galactosidase
6. A chemical found in food that has activity in promoting growth, biochemical or physiological function or optimal
health of an organism would best be described as a?
a) Fuel
b) Nutrient
c) Nutraceutical
d) Digestible Fibre
7. If an organism cannot make sufficient amounts of an important chemical, so that it must acquire it from its
environment, the chemical is said to be?
a) An amino acid
b) A vitamin
c) Essential
d) A phytochemical
8. Rickets is a symptom of?
a) Vitamin C deficiency
b) Pantothenic acid deficiency
c) Vitamin B12 deficiency
d) Vitamin D deficiency
9. For Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), the Estimated Average Requirement is the amount of a nutrient that?
a) Will meet the needs of 50% of the population
b) Will meet the needs of 97-98% of the population
c) Will be set as the RDA
d) Will be set as the UL

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10. When setting the RDA for a specific nutrient, which of the follow considerations is NOT typically taken into
a) Sex
b) Developmental stage
c) Activity level
d) Pregnancy/lactation
11. In the Ancel Keys starvation experiment at the University of Minnesota, which of the following was NOT typically
experienced by the participants?
a) Increased sex drive
b) Weight loss
c) Decreased cold tolerance
d) Irritability and impatience
12. If one wanted to use an experimental animal to best model the gastrointestinal physiology of a premature
human infant, the best one would be?
a) The ruminant calf
b) A monogastric species with a functional caecum
c) The neonatal piglet
d) Transgenic mouse
13. An organic chemical that is required in only very small amounts is most likely a(an)?
a) Primary fuel source
b) Vitamin
c) Mineral
d) Macronutrient
14. Carbohydrates are the preferred fuel over lipid and protein because?
a) The enzymatic pathways are always in place for their handling.
b) Carbohydrates provide more energy per gram than either lipid or protein.
c) Human beings do not have the enzymes to break down lipids in the gastrointestinal tract.
d) They cannot be consumed in excess.
15. The nutrient that makes up the largest proportion of the human body is?
a) Calcium
b) Glucose/glycogen
c) Protein/amino acids
d) Water
16. Hyponatremia results when one consumes?
a) Too little iron, folate or vitamin B12
b) Too much water
c) Too little calcium
d) Too much carbohydrate
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