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[PSYC 2740] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 40 pages long Study Guide!

40 Pages

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PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

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UofG PSYC 2740 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE find more resources at Personality Psychology: Chapter 16 Midterm 1 Chapter 1: Introduction to Personality Psychology The problem with defining personality is how to establish a definition that is sufficiently comprehensive to include all the aspects; inner features, social effects, qualities of the mind, qualities of the body, relations to others, and inner goals Personality is: the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that are organized and relatively enduring and that influence his or her interactions with, and adaptations to, the intrapsychic, physical, and social environments. Personality traits: characteristics that describe ways in which people are different from each other Traits also define ways in which people are similar to some others Traits describe the average tendencies of a person Psychological traits help to understand the dimensions of differences among people, help explain behaviour, and they can help predict future behaviour Personality useful in describing, explaining, predicting Psychological mechanisms Input Decision rules: IF, Then Output Psychological mechanisms like traits, except the term mechanisms refers more to the processes of personality Within the individual personality is something a person carries with him or herself over time, from one situation to the next. The important sources of personality reside within the individual and are at least somewhat stable over time and somewhat consistent over situations Organized the psychological traits and mechanisms for a given person are not simply a random collection of elements. Personality is organized because the mechanisms and traits are linked to one another in a coherent fashion. Our personalities are organized in the sense that they contain decision rules that govern which needs are activated, depending on the circumstances Most personality psychologists maintain that although people are not perfectly consistent, there is enough consistency to warrant including this characteristic in a definition of personality find more resources at
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